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The arrests — which included two prominent politicians and a millionaire media mogul — marked the biggest crackdown from the Communist government since the mass protests began.
Among those detained were Martin Lee, 81, founder of the Democratic Party and a senior barrister; publishing tycoon Jimmy Lai, 71; and former legislator and barrister Margaret Ng, 72.
Hong Kong Police Superintendent Lam Wing-ho told reporters that those arrested were charged with organizing and participating in “unlawful assemblies” last summer and fall. They are due in court on May 18.
U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo condemned the arrests in a statement Sunday, saying “Beijing and its representatives in Hong Kong continue to take actions inconsistent with commitments made under the Sino-British Joint Declaration.”
That declaration, Pompeo said, included a requirement for Beijing to maintain “transparency, the rule of law, and guarantees that Hong Kong will continue to “enjoy a high degree of autonomy.”
U.S. Attorney General William Barr echoed Pompeo’s remarks in a similar statement Sunday, condemning “the latest assault on the rule of law and the liberty of the people of Hong Kong.”
“These events show how antithetical the values of the Chinese Communist Party are to those we share in Western liberal democracies. These actions — along with its malign influence activity and industrial espionage here in the United States — demonstrate once again that the Chinese Communist Party cannot be trusted,” he continued.
China’s foreign ministry rejected the criticism, saying that the matter was an internal one and that “foreign countries have no right to intervene.”
“U.S. politicians ignore facts, distort the Sino-British joint declaration, use ‘transparency, rule of law and a high degree of autonomy’ as excuses to exonerate the anti-China activists,” a Chinese statement obtained by Bloomberg read, “The immoral behavior of colluding with the anti-China activists in Hong Kong will be condemned by the international community.”
*In 1997, Hong Kong, a former British colony, was returned to Communist Chinese rule under a “one country, two systems” form of government. It was given wide-ranging autonomy, including an undated promise of “universal suffrage.” However, in 2014, Beijing (the Chinese Communist government) made it clear it would not allow fully-democratic elections for the city’s next chief executive in 2017 and after.
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NOTE: Before answering the questions, read the “Background” and watch the videos under “Resources” below the questions.
1. Who was arrested by the Chinese communist government in Hong Kong over the weekend? Be specific.
2. What charges were brought against those arrested?
3. a) What is the Sino-British Joint Declaration?
b) How did China violate its agreement, according to U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo?
4. a) Define antithetical, malign and industrial espionage as used by U.S. Attorney General William Barr in his comments about the arrests.
b) What did Attorney General Barr say about the Communist Party’s actions?
5. As expected, the communist government of China accused the U.S. of being in the wrong for supporting democracy activists in Hong Kong. What is ironic about their description of the activists, and their description of the U.S. and how the world will react?
6. Check out the links below the videos under “Resources” to learn about Hong Kong’s pro-Democracy protesters (many of whom are high school and college students).
Watch the video. Consider Mr. Les’s expected outcome for the protests.
The U.S. continues to support Hong Kong, as do some other western countries. The UN has demonstrated its ineffectiveness and corruption relating to many authoritarian regimes (China was just appointed to an important committee on the UN Human Rights Council; the UN’s World Health Organization helped China cover-up coronavirus in the beginning, etc.).
What are your thoughts on this news story?
More from April 18 reports at Bloomberg and NY Post:
“They’re trying to shut down Hong Kong’s dissent,” said Claudia Mo, an opposition legislator and former journalist. “They’re trying to escalate their scare tactics. It’s not going to work.”
Ms. Mo, who was not arrested, said Hong Kong’s Chief Executive Carrie Lam wanted to “introduce a ring of terror in Hong Kong.”
“They are doing whatever they can to try to silence, to take down, the local opposition,” Mo said in a statement.
The coronavirus outbreak has essentially brought a halt to protests in Hong Kong opposing China’s increasing control over the city, which saw hundreds of thousands of people hit the streets over months in demonstrations that sometimes turned violent.
The arrests come after several months of relative calm because of a partial coronavirus lockdown and just as Chinese and pro-communist Hong Kong government officials begin pushing for tougher national security laws for Hong Kong.
Beijing has used the pause to reassert its strength, including by naming Xia Baolong — a close aide to President Xi Jinping who was previously known for tearing crosses from the roofs of churches in China — to oversee Hong Kong affairs.
The mainland’s Hong Kong and Macau Affairs Office, the top agency overseeing the financial hub, last week accused lawmakers of potentially violating their oaths by blocking action by the local Legislative Council — a statement that carries even more significance ahead of elections for the body known as LegCo set for September. Chief Executive Carrie Lam and other pro-establishment [pro-communist] figures also said the opposition [pro-democracy group] was endangering Hong Kong’s autonomy and livelihoods, echoing criticism from China.
What is the Sino-British Joint Declaration? It is an agreement signed by Britain and China in 1984 to settle the future of Hong Kong. The two governments agreed China would reassume control of Hong Kong, which was occupied by Britain after the Opium War in 1840, from July 1, 1997 and Hong Kong would have autonomy* for 50 years. [*autonomy is the quality or state of being self-governing, especially: the right of self-government]
- In the Joint Declaration, China’s communist government stated that it had decided to resume the exercise of sovereignty over Hong Kong from July 1, 1997, and the UK Government declared that it would hand over Hong Kong to the communist government from that date.
- In accordance with the “one country, two systems” principle agreed between the UK and the China, the communist system of China would not be practiced in the Hong Kong, and Hong Kong’s previous capitalist system and its way of life would remain unchanged for a period of 50 years until 2047.
- During Hong Kong’s Umbrella Revolution in 2014, a campaign against the infringements on freedom in Hong Kong by mainland China, Chinese officials said for the first time, that China considered the Joint Declaration “void,” a position dismissed as “clearly wrong” by a senior Hong Kong legal scholar and rejected by the British foreign secretary, who noted that the document was a legally binding agreement that must be honored.
- Rita Fan, then Hong Kong’s only representative to the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress in Beijing, asserted that Britain’s supervisory responsibility had lapsed and, furthermore, that the Joint Declaration does not stipulate universal suffrage. (wikipedia, adapted)
Watch an April 20 CBS News report:
- Thousands march in Hong Kong against extradition law (April 30, 2019)
- Hong Kong Protesters appeal to Trump for help (Sept. 10, 2019)
- In October 2019, the NBA’s Houston Rockets GM tweeted an image that said “Fight for Freedom. Stand for Hong Kong.” After that, “China bans Houston Rockets following GM tweet”
- CARTOON “LeBron” (Oct. 18, 2019)
- EDITORIAL: “How the NBA censored me on American soil” (Oct. 17, 2019)
- Hong Kong: China suspends U.S. military port calls over pro-Hong Kong (Dec. 3, 2019)
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