-Read the excerpt below from MRC's Aug. 7 report.
-Read "Types of Media Bias" in the right column. Then answer the questions.
On August 7, the al Qaeda spinoff group the Islamic State [formerly known as ISIS] seized numerous towns in northern Iraq that are home to much of the country’s minority Christian population, sending tens of thousands of them fleeing further into the Kurdish-dominated region to avoid the unforgiving and deadly extremist group. When it came to the major broadcast networks covering this story on their morning news shows, neither ABC, CBS, or NBC provided their viewers with information on this story.
Meanwhile, CNN and its morning show, New Day, did cover the story with not one but two stories during its three-hour show. First, it aired a full, 3-minute-and-1-second report from CNN senior international correspondent Nic Robertson at the top of the 6:30 a.m. half hour and then a 21-second news brief during the 8:00 a.m. hour. [MP3 audio here; Video below]
Per an article from The Telegraph in the United Kingdom:
Islamic State militants have overrun Qaraqosh, Iraq’s largest Christian town, after pushing back Kurdish troops across a large area of the north of the country, fleeing residents and Christian clerics have said. Jihadists moved in overnight to claim several Christian towns, forcing tens of thousands to flee, having pushed back Kurdish peshmerga troops, who are stretched thin across several fronts in Iraq. [Thousands of Christians already had fled to Qaraqosh from Mosul after the extremists gave them three choices: convert to Islam, pay a huge fine or face “death by the sword.”]
The Catholic archbishop in the region, Joseph Thomas, has appealed to the United Nations (U.N.) for help in what he has called “a catastrophe, a tragic situation.” ISIS militants are known for entering cities and giving non-Muslim’s the following choices, per a Washington Post article: “covert to Islam, remain Christian but pay special taxes, or die.”
Early Thursday afternoon [Aug. 7], it was reported that President Obama was weighing possible military strikes against ISIS and airdrops of aid to help another religious minority group, the Yazidi, who now “are trapped on a mountain top surrounded by” ISIS forces below, according to USA Today.
The lack of network coverage of Iraqi Christians facing persecution under the increasingly ISIS-run region is nothing new, as zero stories from ABC, CBS, or NBC on their plight have been filed on both their morning or evening news shows since ISIS began its siege to take over large swaths of Iraq in June.
However, as the Media Research Center’s Matthew Balan reported on July 24: “CBS’s early morning news program, CBS Morning News, did air a full report on the flight of Christians from Mosul on June 30 – just days after ISIS took over the city.” CBS Morning News, which serves as a lead-in to local morning news shows on CBS affiliates, airs live at 4:00 a.m. Eastern Time.
Over on CNN’s New Day, co-host Chris Cuomo wondered this after hearing the initial report from Robertson and news reader Michaela Pereira:
Of course, the question becomes who is going to defend the Christians, a largely underreported story. Same thing is going on in Jerusalem. It’s interesting especially here in the U.S. where you have such a high population of Christians.
Later Thursday morning, Cuomo said this on Twitter: “@.NewDay and @CNN covering #ISIS ousting and killing #christians but not much outrage out there. What am I missing?” Just prior to that tweet, he made this remark about the lack of response from the United States or anyone else in the global community: “The USA touts its Christian roots constantly but an odd silence abt #IraqChristians being persecuted by #ISIS. Where is the UN? The West?” …
(From a post at mrc.org on Aug. 7)
The transcript from the August 7 segment on CNN’s New Day can be found below.
CNN’s New Day show, August 7, 2014, 6:30 a.m. Eastern[ON-SCREEN HEADLINE: Breaking This Morning; Christians Forced to Flee ISIS in Iraq]
MICHAELA PEREIRA: 30 minutes past the hour. Breaking news out of Iraq. A horrific situation unfolding there this morning. Iraq’s largest Christian city now seized by ISIS militants. Tens of thousands of Christians are now fleeing for their lives. Our Nic Robertson is live in London this morning with more. Nic?
NIC ROBERTSON: Yeah, Michaela, Qaraqosh, the city just west of Irbil, the big stronghold of the Kurdish region there, that town under attack by ISIS. All the Christians from it pouring out of there and moving towards the Kurdish area looking for sanctuary there.[ON-SCREEN HEADLINE: Breaking This Morning; ISIS Seizes Iraq’s Largest Christian Town]
What is significant about this is that area has been under protection, if you will, of the Kurdish peshmergas forces, it’s right next to the Kurdish autonomous region. Again, what makes it significant is that the Kurdish forces have now pulled back. Until now, they have been sort of seen as the last bulwark against the Islamic state fighters as they have swept across the north of Iraq and consolidated their control over territory there. Now it seems that they are falling back and the Christians from that will town are being forced to flee. It’s causing widespread panic in the town of Irbil. People there concerned about whether they need to leave that city, which is now only 30 kilometers, about 20 or so miles away from the front line. So, increasing concern about the flight of those Christians and, of course, the Yazidi community forced out of their homes, into the mountains, desperate for food and water, that happened over the weekend.
PEREIRA: Christians there among the minority in Iraq and the question is who is going to help them? We do understand that there’s word that a well regarded local archbishop is seeking help from the international community. Tell us more about that.
ROBERTSON: Yeah, Joseph Thomas, he’s the archbishop – one of the archbishops from the Kurdish region, from Kirkuk and Sulaimaniyah in the north of Iraq. He has appealed to the U.N. He is calling this situation a catastrophe. His appeal to the U.N. to intervene., now why is he saying that? Again, if the Kurdish peshmergas forces have fallen back and cannot stop the advance of the IS fighters, then that is a concern and what we’re hearing from Kurdish officials today is they are describing the advances by these IS fights as being wide columns, armored Humvees followed up by artillery and mortar fire, which means this is not just a small rebel force. They’re fighting like an army along a long front, backed up with artillery firepower and the feeling at the moment is is there’s no one who can step in and stop them and that’s why the appeal is going out to the U.N. from this Archbishop, Joseph Thomas.
PEREIRA: With Kurdish forces had been holding them back and now we understand what they’re up against. Nic Robertson, thanks so much for that.
CHRIS CUOMO: Of course, the question becomes who is going to defend the Christians, a largely underreported story. Same thing is going on in Jerusalem. It’s interesting especially here in the U.S. where you have such a high population of Christians.
The transcript from the news brief during the 8:00 a.m. hour on CNN’s New Day is transcribed below.
CNN’s New Day show, August 7, 2014, 8:11 a.m. Eastern
MICHAELA PEREIRA: In Iraq, tens of thousands of Christians terrorized and fleeing now for their lives as ISIS militants seize the country’s largest Christian city. The local archbishop calling the situation a catastrophe and pleading for the U.N. to intervene. Pope Francis, adding his voice now, urging the international community to intervene to end the violence there.
Watch an Aug. 12 interview on MSNBC with an American spokesman for Iraqi Christians:
1. What type of bias does this excerpt illustrate?
2. This post about the network news silence over the plight of Iraqi Christians was written August 7. Try doing an internet search today to determine what has been reported by mainstream media sources (CNN, NYTimes, NBC, ABC, CBS) over the past month. Search for a phrase similar to:
- “Qaraqosh overrun by ISIS (or Islamic State)”
- “Qaraqosh seized by ISIS (or Islamic State)”
- “Iraqi Christians threatened by Islamic State (or ISIS)”
a) List the major media outlets that have done stories on the plight of Christians in Iraq.
b) Compare these search results to the plight of the Yazidis, another minority religious sect in Iraq. (According to wikipedia: The Yazidi are a Kurdish religious group, who represent an ancient religion linked to Zoroastrianism and Sufism.)
3. Ask a parent to tell you what he/she has seen in the news about the plight of Christians in Iraq and then what he/she knows about the plight of the Yazidis in Iraq.
CHALLENGE: Do an internet search to find news photos of the thousands of Iraqi Christians who have fled for their lives. Find photos the Yazidis in Iraq; find photos of Palestinians in Gaza. What do the results of your search tell you about news reports on the people involved in these news stories?
Scroll down to the bottom of the page for the answers.
1. The excerpt illustrates media bias by story selection.
2. a) and b) Answers vary.
3. Answers vary.