News from around the World

Tuesday's World Events   —   Posted on March 8, 2011

EGYPT – Egyptians storm security offices

Cairo | Trudging through dungeon-like cells and mounds of shredded documents, hundreds of Egyptians on Saturday surged into the Cairo headquarters of the dreaded State Security apparatus for an unprecedented look inside buildings where political prisoners endured horrific torture.

Some former prisoners sobbed as they saw their old cells, recalling electric shocks and severe beatings. Families held passport photos of missing relatives and were desperate to explore the dank chambers for clues to their fates.

Dismantling State Security, the shadowy and all-powerful intelligence force, was a key demand of protesters who forced the resignation last month of Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak. When the military-led interim authority failed to dissolve the agency immediately, protesters in Cairo and the port city of Alexandria descended on State Security offices this weekend to seize files they hoped would cement Mr. Mubarak’s legacy of prisoner abuse and disappearances.

Earlier Saturday, the widely detested former interior minister Habib el Adly appeared before an Egyptian court and pleaded not guilty to charges of corruption and money-laundering.

SAUDI ARABIA – Saudis ban protests

Riyadh | Demonstrations won’t be tolerated in Saudi Arabia and its security forces will act against anyone taking part in them, the Interior Ministry said Saturday, a day after about 100 members of the Shiite minority staged a protest in an eastern region of the kingdom.

The Interior Ministry statement said the kingdom bans all demonstrations because they contradict Islamic laws and society’s values, adding that some people have tried to go around the law to “achieve illegitimate aims.”

Queen Elizabeth IIGREAT BRITAIN – Queen’s trip to Ireland first by Brit monarch since 1911

London | Queen Elizabeth II (pictured on right) will make her first-ever visit to the Republic of Ireland – the first ruling British monarch to go there in a century marked by Ireland’s brutal war of independence from Britain and the grueling conflict in Northern Ireland.

The long-anticipated visit by the 84-year-old queen will highlight Ireland’s reconciliation with its former colonial master and the slow blooming of peace in neighboring Northern Ireland.

Buckingham Palace and the Irish government confirmed the queen would visit this year, accompanied by her husband, the Duke of Edinburgh. British and Irish officials, speaking on condition of anonymity, said they were planning a three-day visit in May.

Most Irish politicians cheered the news, but the IRA-linked Sinn Fein party warned it was premature.

King George V spent six days in Dublin in 1911, when Britain and Ireland were united under a single crown. Ireland won its independence in 1922 following a guerrilla war, but relations between remained poisoned by the disputed Northern Ireland, still part of the United Kingdom.

IVORY COAST – Ouattara to attend AU meeting with U.N. help

Abidjan | Ivory Coast’s internationally recognized leader Alassane Ouattara said Saturday he will attend a meeting of African Union leaders in Ethiopia next week, in the latest bid to find a resolution to his country’s escalating crisis.

The trip will mark the first time Ouattara will leave a hotel, where he has been under 24-hour U.N. protection since being declared winner of the Nov. 28 election. Results certified by the U.N. indicate Ouattara won by a landslide. But his rival, sitting President Laurent Gbagbo, is refusing to leave office.

Jean Ping, the chairman of the AU commission, invited Ouattara to the meeting on March 10 in Ethiopia’s capital.

“Of course I accepted this invitation, and all measures will be taken so that I may go,” Ouattara told reporters.

For him to do so, a U.N. helicopter will pick him up on the Golf Hotel’s back lawn. He has spent the past three months at the aging resort hotel, which is guarded by U.N. peacekeepers and whose exits are blocked by soldiers loyal to Gbagbo.

Angolan President dos SantosANGOLA – 20,000 peacefully march at pro-government rally

Luanda | Angola’s ruling party rallied more than 20,000 pro-government protesters to march in the country’s capital in response to anonymous calls for anti-government demonstrations.

The party of President Eduardo Dos Santos (photo on right from 2009), who has been in power since 1979, held a peaceful, all-day demonstration Saturday. Calls for anti-government protests for Monday have been circulating on the Internet, but no opposition leaders have endorsed the plan.

Angola is rich in diamonds and one of Africa’s top oil producers, but its people are impoverished and its infrastructure in ruins.

(The news briefs above are from wire reports and staff reports posted at:  post-gazette.com on March 6th and tulsaworld.com and on March 5th and 6th.)

Questions

We are considering reducing the number of Tuesday News Briefs from 5 countries to 3 countries.  Send your thoughts to editor@StudentNewsDaily.com.

1. For each of the 5 countries, give the following information:  (Include special notations for all information on the Ivory Coast)
a) the continent on which it is located
b) the name of the capital city
c) the type of government
d) the chief of state (and head of government if different) [If monarch, since what date has he/she ruled? – include name of heir apparent]e) the population

[Find the answers at the CIA World FactBook website. For each country: type of government, capital and executive branch (chief of state/head of government) can be found under the “Government” heading; population is listed under the “People” heading.  Go to worldatlas.com for a list of continents.]

2.  For Egypt:
a)  list the who, what, where and when of the news item
b)  Why did the protesters enter the State Security offices?

3.  For Saudi Arabia:
a)  list the who, what, where and when of the news item
b)  What reason did the Saudi government give for banning all demonstrations?

4.  For Great Britain:
a)  list the who, what, where and when of the news item
b)  Ask a parent to tell you what they know about the conflict between the British government and Northern Ireland.

5.  For Ivory Coast:
a)  list the who, what, where and when of the news item
b)  The international community including the African Union say that Alassane Ouattara is the winner of the election and Gbagbo should step down.  What type of help do you think the African Union should give Mr. Ouattara during next week’s meeting?  Explain your answer. (Read more about the situation under “Background” below the questions.)

6.  For Angola:
a)  list the who, what, where and when of the news item
b)  For how many years has President Dos Santos been in power?


Free Answers — Sign-up here to receive a weekly email with answers.

Background

IVORY COAST: 

  • Read about Gbagbo at wikipedia.
  • Read about Alassane Ouattara’s hotel “prison” at ft.com/cms/s/0/e4c8383e-3ddf-11e0-99ac-00144feabdc0.html#axzz1FxiBeerI.
  • Close ties to France since independence in 1960, the development of cocoa production for export, and foreign investment made the Ivory Coast one of the most prosperous of the West African states, but did not protect it from political turmoil.
  • In December 1999, a military coup – the first ever in Cote d’Ivoire’s history – overthrew the government.
  • Junta leader Robert Guei blatantly rigged elections held in late 2000 and declared himself the winner.
  • Popular protest forced him to step aside and brought Laurent Gbagbo into power. (from the CIA World FactBook)
  • Gbagbo lost the December 2010 election to Alassane Ouattara but refuses to step down.

———————————————————————————-

ANGOLA:

  • Angola is rebuilding its country after the end of a 27-year civil war in 2002.
  • Fighting between the Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA), led by Jose Eduardo Dos Santos, and the National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA), led by Jonas Savimbi, followed independence from Portugal in 1975.
  • Peace seemed imminent in 1992 when Angola held national elections, but fighting picked up again by 1996.
  • Up to 1.5 million lives may have been lost – and 4 million people displaced – in the quarter century of fighting.
  • Savimbi’s death in 2002 ended UNITA’s insurgency and strengthened the MPLA’s hold on power.
  • President Dos Santos held legislative elections in September 2008 and, despite promising to hold presidential elections in 2009, has since pushed through a new constitution that calls for elections in 2012. (from CIA World FactBook)

Resources

 EGYPT:  Read more about Egypt’s State Security intelligence force at cbc.ca/news/world/story/2011/03/05/egypt-security-agencies.html.

——————————————————————————

SAUDI ARABIA:  Watch a news report on the attempted organization of a protest for March 11th in Saudi Arabia below: