(by David Sharp, Associated Press) – The U.S. Navy is ready to take ownership of the USS Zumwalt, its largest and most technologically sophisticated destroyer. [In naval terminology, a destroyer is a fast maneuverable long-endurance warship intended to escort larger vessels in a fleet, convoy or battle group and defend them against smaller powerful short-range attackers.]
Sailors’ uniforms and personal effects, supplies and spare parts are being moved aboard the 610-foot warship in anticipation of crew members taking on their new charge, said Capt. James Kirk, the destroyer’s skipper.
The Zumbalt is the first new class of warship built at Maine’s Bath Iron Works since the Arleigh Burke slid into the Kennebec River in 1989. The shipyard is expected to turn the destroyer over to the Navy this week.
“We’ve overcome lots of obstacles to get to this point,” said electrician John Upham, of Litchfield. “I think everybody in the shipyard is proud of the work we’ve done.”
The ship features an angular shape that makes it 50 times more difficult to detect on radar; it’s powered by electricity produced by turbines similar to those in a Boeing 777; new guns are designed to pummel targets from nearly 100 miles away. Advanced automation will allow the big ship to operate with a much smaller crew than on current generation of destroyers.
The final cost of the Zumwalt is expected to be at least $4.4 billion.
The original concept for the land-attack destroyer was floated more than 15 years ago then underwent several permutations. The final design called for a destroyer with a stealthy shape and advanced gun system that can fire rocket-propelled projectiles with pinpoint accuracy.
But the growing cost forced the Navy to reduce what was originally envisioned as a 32-ship program to just three ships. The loss of economies of scale* drove up the cost of the individual ships. [*Economies of scale are factors that cause the average cost of producing something to fall as the volume of its output increases.]
The slow-going and rising costs were little surprise after the General Accounting Office (GAO) warned that the Navy was trying to incorporate too many new technologies into the ship.
“Zumwalt was a challenge to assemble because of all the new technologies, but sea trials show it is a world-class warship with unique capabilities,” said Loren Thompson, senior defense analyst with the Virginia-based Lexington Institute.
Some of the ship’s 143 crew members have been in Bath for more than two years to prepare for the day they take control of it. The sailors will continue training to prepare the ship to be formally commissioned into service as USS Zumwalt at a ceremony in October in Baltimore, Kirk said. From there, the ship will travel to its homeport in San Diego for further tests and trials.
Shipbuilders in Bath are busy on the second ship in the class, the Michael Monsoor, which will be christened next month. Work also is underway on the third and final ship, the Lyndon B. Johnson. …
Reprinted here for educational purposes only. May not be reproduced on other websites without permission from the Associated Press.
PLEASE NOTE: Daily posting and “Answers” emails will end for the school year on Friday, May 27th.
1. a) What is the Zumwalt?
b) List its features.
2. What preparation is currently being made, according to Captain James Kirk?
3. a) Where was the Zumwalt built?
b) What is significant about this?
4. Why was the number of this new class of destroyer to be built reduced from 32 to 3?
5. a) How long have some of the ship’s crew been in Bath? For what reason?
b) What phase of the process is it at?
6. What phase are the other two destroyers at in the building process?
About the USS Zumwalt, a DDG-1000 class destroyer:
- At 610 feet long and 81 feet wide, the first of the DDG-1000 class of destroyers is longer and thinner than the battleship USS Arizona sunk at Pearl Harbor. However it weighs about half as much.
- Much of the ship’s superstructure is wrapped in a huge canopy made of lightweight carbon fiber composite.
- The canopy and the rest of the ship is built on angles that help make it 50 times harder to spot on radar than an ordinary destroyer.
- The Navy had planned to spend up to $9 billion in research and development on the DDG-1000 program and up to $20 billion to design and deliver seven ships. But cost overruns cut production to three ships.
- When it begins missions, the Zumwalt will be the largest stealthy ship in the Navy. (from wtkr.com)
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