Pakistan Mulls Downing U.S. Drones

Daily News Article   —   Posted on December 4, 2008

(by Nasir Khan, WashingtonTimes.com) ISLAMABAD, Pakistan – Pakistani officials are urging the incoming Obama administration to stop air attacks on Pakistani territory and even are hinting that they might shoot down U.S. drones that have hit al Qaeda militants and civilian bystanders.U.S. forces based in Afghanistan have carried out about 25 strikes this year, most of them by drones, in the troubled border region.

However, a Nov. 19 attack was carried out beyond the tribal area in the so-called settled areas of Pakistan. After the strike on Bannu, a district in the North West Frontier Province, the government summoned U.S. Ambassador to Pakistan Anne W. Patterson to the foreign ministry and lodged a formal protest.

Foreign Ministry spokesman Mohammed Sadiq said the U.S. ambassador was told that the attacks violate Pakistan’s sovereignty and territorial integrity.

Pakistani officials have publicly discussed a military option.

Air force Air Chief Marshal Tanvir Mahmood Ahmed last week said that if the government decides to shoot down the pilotless craft, the military is fully capable of intercepting them.

“The air force is ready for any type of air defense,” Air Chief Marshal Ahmed was quoted by Reuters news agency as saying.

The strikes have sparked widespread anger and resentment across Pakistan, particularly in the tribal region, and are spreading fear and panic because of reported civilian casualties.

On Sept. 23, a drone crashed inside Pakistani territory near Angoor Ada in South Waziristan agency.

The Pakistani army said the drone crashed because of a technical malfunction. However, residents in Angoor Ada claimed they shot down the drone.

U.S. officials have told The Washington Times that Pakistan has given tacit approval for attacks that are confined to tribal areas and do not involve U.S. ground forces.

A Pakistani official, who asked not to be named, said “these are very sensitive matters” and that the target had to be “a very important asset” to justify an attack.

In public, Pakistani officials vehemently deny any bargain with Washington.

A military spokesman, Maj. Gen. Athar Abbas, said there is no agreement or understanding between Pakistan and the United States regarding U.S. strikes inside Pakistani territory.

Prime Minister Yousuf Raza Gilani on Nov. 20 said the same thing to Pakistan’s Parliament.

“Being chief executive of this country, I want to assure that there is no understanding,” he said. He added that if there was any such understanding between the United States and former President Pervez Musharraf, the present government has no record of it.

………………….

Teresita Schaffer, director of the South Asia program at the Center for Strategic and International Studies in Washington, said Pakistan had agreed to a strategy of “don’t ask, don’t tell” when it comes to U.S. attacks. Denying it has given permission is “essential to the government’s survival,” she said. “Otherwise they are allowing themselves to be walked over as well as bombed.”

The danger, she said, is that “this is a moving target.” Though U.S. intelligence appears to be getting better, there is always the chance of civilian casualties.

She predicted that the incoming Obama administration would continue the policy, noting that tracking down al Qaeda suspects in Pakistan was “the one issue on which [President-elect Barack Obama] sounded more hawkish than [Sen. John] McCain.”

Mr. Gilani has told Parliament that he hopes Mr. Obama will change the policy once he assumes office.

However, Qazi Hussain Ahmad, head of the religious party Jamaat-e-Islami, said he doubted that would be the case.

“It will be childish to expect anything from Obama,” he said. “One person cannot change the U.S. policies; rather, it needs a gradual process.

“Neoconservatives, Zionists and other extremist groups are very powerful and influence the U.S. foreign policy. Obama will do whatever the neocons want him to do,” he said.

Sen. Anwar Beg of the ruling Pakistan People´s Party said the attacks are destabilizing the government.

“Drone attacks must stop immediately,” he said. “There is no time to wait until Jan. 20.”

For the Pakistani government, Miss Schaffer said, the priority is fighting a growing internal insurgency that is fueled in part by the perception that the government is in bed with the United States.

“What Pakistan really needs is more counterinsurgency capability and the political space to make it look like it’s their own invention,” she said.

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Questions

1. What are Pakistani officials hinting they will do if the U.S. does not stop air attacks on Pakistani territory?

2. How many air strikes have been carried out this year by U.S. drones from Afghanistan into Pakistan?

3. What did the Pakistani Foreign Minister spokesman tell the U.S. ambassador about the attacks?

4. How did Pakistani Air Chief Marshal Ahmed react to the idea of the Pakistani government shooting down the U.S. unmanned aircraft?

5. U.S. officials have told The Washington Times that Pakistan has given tacit approval for attacks that are confined to tribal areas and do not involve U.S. ground forces. A Pakistani official, who asked not to be named, said “these are very sensitive matters” and that the target had to be “a very important asset” to justify an attack. In public, Pakistani officials vehemently deny any bargain with Washington.
a) Define tacit.
b) Why do you think that the Pakistani government has given tacit approval to the U.S. but denies it in public?

6. Read “About the U.S. air strikes from Afghanistan into Pakistan” under “BACKGROUND” below. Then visit the links under “Resources” below. It is fact that terrorists are operating out of the tribal region of Pakistan. The Pakistani government can’t and/or won’t do anything about it. The U.S. has provided about $11 billion to Pakistan since 2001, when Pakistan’s president, Gen. Pervez Musharraf, made a strategic shift to ally with the United States after the Sept. 11 attacks.
Should the U.S. military ignore Pakistani leaders’ public opposition to air strikes on the terrorists operating in this tribal region? Explain your answer.


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Background

ABOUT THE U.S. AIRSTRIKES FROM AFGHANISTAN INTO PAKISTAN:

  • In September 2008, Adm. Mike Mullen, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, told U.S. lawmakers that the Afghanistan mission would place a greater focus on eliminating terrorist safe havens inside Pakistan.
  • The U.S. began missile strikes from unmanned drones aimed at depriving Taliban and al-Qaeda terrorists of shelter on Pakistani soil. Top terrorist leaders, including Osama bin Laden, are suspected to be hiding out in the ungoverned tribal areas of Pakistan.
  • Pakistan’s remote Federally Administered Tribal Areas (the tribal lands) have been a training ground for terrorists, particularly since the 9/11 attacks.
  • The semi-autonomous tribal lands consist of seven parts called “agencies” … There are also six smaller zones known as Frontier Regions in the transitional area between the tribal lands and the North-West Frontier Province to the east. The harsh, mountainous territory of the tribal lands runs along the Afghanistan border. (from GlobalSecurity.org)
  • “The [tribal area] has become a melting pot for jihadis from all over the world,” says Pakistani journalist Ahmed Rashid, adding that the Afghan and Pakistan Taliban, al-Qaeda, Chechens, and the Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan are among the militants who train and take refuge in the tribal region. Furthermore, since the beginning of the Afghanistan war, members of the Taliban have advanced into leadership roles in some parts of the tribal lands, particularly the agencies of North and South Waziristan and Bajaur. The Pakistani government appears to take a harder stand on al-Qaeda to please the United States and a more permissive posture with the Taliban, who in turn work with other militant groups. (from cfr.org)

Resources

View maps of the Federally Administered Tribal Areas at CFR.org and WashingtonPost.com.  (NOTE: maps take some time to load)

Read a backgrounder about Pakistan’s tribal areas at cfr.org/publication/11973.

Read about U.S. Air Force drones at af.mil/factsheets/factsheet.asp?fsID=122.

Read about an al-Qaeda terrorist leader who was killed by an aeriel drone at defenseindustrydaily.com.