Hawaii races to secure power plant as lava threatens facility

Daily News Article   —   Posted on May 24, 2018

Hawaii races to secure power plant as lava threatens facility

An aerial view of fissure eruptions near the Puna Geothermal Venture facility. (BRUCE OMORI/PARADISE HELICOPTERS)

(by Lia Eustachewich, New York Post) – Workers scrambled to shut down a geothermal power plant on Hawaii’s Big Island before it gets doused in fiery lava.

Crews worked overnight (May 22) to close the 11th and final well at the Puna Geothermal Venture (PGV) plant, which provides 25 percent of the Big Island’s power, to prevent the uncontrollable release of toxic fumes.

Molten rock from an active fissure flowed as close as 200 yards from the nearest well pad, officials said.

“County, state and federal partners have been collaborating closely to monitor the situation and work with PGV to ensure the safety of the surrounding communities,” the county said.

The plant has been closed since May 3, when Kilauea volcano began erupting, sending red-hot lava spewing out of fissures on the eastern side of the island.

Some 60,000 gallons of pentane, a highly flammable chemical stored at the plant, were moved and the state said last week it was pumping cold water into the wells and would cap them with iron plugs.

The plant’s wells are as deep as 8,000 feet and tap into extremely hot water and steam used to run turbines and produce electricity.

Kilauea volcano most recently exploded at its summit shortly before 6 p.m. local time Monday, according to the Hawaiian Volcano Observatory.

“The resulting ash plume may affect surrounding areas,” it said.

Lava flows from fissures near Pahoa, Hawaii.

Lava has been oozing out into the ocean from two flows located three miles east of the plant, creating acid fumes and “laze” — a combination of scorching lava and haze that is formed when erupting lava reacts with sea water.

Laze is potentially deadly if inhaled.

“If one were to be near the laze, because of the various acids, it would be corrosive to the eyes, the nose and respiratory tract, and the skin,” Dr. Alvin Bronstein from the Hawaii Department of Health told reporters.

Explosions from methane gases are also possible if lava mixes with the flammable gas given off by rotting vegetation.

Kilauea’s eruption has produced two dozen fissures and is entering a more violent phase, sending larger volumes of molten rock shooting out of the ground and flowing farther than before.

At least 44 homes have been destroyed in the Leilani Estates and Lanipuna Gardens area of the Puna district.

Kilauea volcano on the Island of Hawaii (from PA Graphics)

A man was seriously injured Saturday when a plate-size chunk of lava flared up from a fissure and struck him on the leg.

Two thousand people have been evacuated due to the lava’s flow and release of toxic sulfur dioxide gas — levels of which have tripled in the last two days, officials said.

From New York Post with wire services, May 22. Reprinted here for educational purposes only. May not be reproduced on other websites without permission from NYPost .com.

Questions

1. The first paragraph of a news article should answer the questions who, what, where and when. List the who, what, where and when of this news item. (NOTE: The remainder of a news article provides details on the why and/or how.)

2. What percent of the Big Island’s power comes from the Puna Geothermal Venture (PGV) plant?

3. When did the PGV plant close?

4. a) What is pentane?
b) What precautions did workers take with the plant’s pentane?

5. What is laze? Why is it so dangerous?

6. What danger does methane gas pose if the lava mixes with it?


Free Answers — Sign-up here to receive a daily email with answers.

Background

Formed by volcanoes in the Pacific Ocean, Hawaii is made up of more than 100 islands but is best known for its eight main islands. Of these, only seven are inhabited.

  • Hawaii – also known as the Big Island – is not only the largest of the Hawaiian islands, it is also the largest island in the United States. The Big Island is 4,028 square miles and is the third most visited by tourists each year.
  • Maui is 727 square miles, making it the second largest island.
  • Oahu is by far the most popular destination among tourists. It is the third largest Hawaiian island, with 597 square miles. It is also the most populated, and home to the capital, Honolulu. Oahu is home to Waikiki and Pearl Harbor.
  • Kauai With 562 square miles, Kauai is the fourth largest of the Hawaiian islands
  • Molokai is the fifth largest Hawaiian island and has 260 square miles. It is best known for agriculture and ranching but is also notable for being home to the world’s highest sea cliffs.
  • Lanai was once nicknamed the “Pineapple Island” because, at one point, nearly the entire island was a pineapple plantation. Lanai is now the fifth most visited island and has 140 square miles. Most of the island remains undeveloped, though there are several resorts and golf courses.
  • Niihau, the seventh largest island, because it is privately owned. Niihau has 69 square miles and is used for raising livestock.
  • Kahoolawe is the smallest of the eight major islands. It is a mere 45 square miles, is uninhabited, and access is prohibited. It was once used as a target by the U.S. military, which is still cleaning up unexploded artillery shells. (from usatoday)

Resources

Lava from Hawaii volcano reaches the edge of a power plant, May 22, FoxBusiness


Lava from Hawaii’s Kīlauea volcano enters power plant site, May 22, Guardian News


Hawaii’s Kilauea Volcano, May 15, Behind the News


A new fissure opened up on Hawaii’s Big Island after dangerous volcano eruption, May 15, ABC News