(by Joseph Weber, WashingtonTimes.com) – The crowds waiting for a spot on the National Mall to see the swearing-in of President-elect Barack Obama began arriving at about 2 a.m. and began streaming through the checkpoints when they opened at 6 a.m.

“I knew it was going to be crowded, but I couldn’t miss this,” said Adrienn Chu, 27, of the District’s Columbia Heights neighborhood.

Mrs. Chu was among the thousands who began making their way downtown in the predawn chill. The temperature at 6 a.m. was about 20 degrees but was expected to break the freezing mark by the time the swearing-in ceremonies for Mr. Obama begins at about 10 a.m.

“It’s definitely brisk, it’s not as cold as it could be,” said Sara Greenback, 22, a student at St. Mary’s College in Maryland. “It could be worse.”

An estimated 1 million to 2 million people are expected to attend the event, which has resulted in an unprecedented security effort, including more than 30,000 police and military personnel.

Planners say attendance could easily top the 1.2 million people who were at Lyndon B. Johnson’s 1965 inauguration, the largest crowd the National Park Service has on record.

By 7 a.m., much of the Mall was filled with people and police opened the checkpoint for spots along the Inaugural parade route, ending the long lines that had formed.

Police officials said at 9 a.m. that the Mall was already filled to 14th Street Northwest — about a mile west of the swearing-in stage.

At least six suburban parking lots for the region’s subway system — the second largest in the country — were filled by 5 a.m.

Metro officials reported about 207,000 riders had used the system by about 7 a.m. on the way to break the ridership record — 854,638 in 2008.

At Union Station, a major transportation center where Amtrak and Metro train arrive at the base of Capitol Hill, riders packed the coffee shops and formed long line to buy farecards. However, they moved through the turnstiles and off the subway platforms with few delays.

Most of the city’s downtown is closed to motorists, as are in-bound bridges crossing the Potomac River from Virginia.

City and local planners have consistently warned visitors that they could expect extensive transportation delays.

Staff writers Ben Conery and Tom LoBianco contributed to this report.

Copyright 2009 News World Communications, Inc.  Reprinted with permission of the Washington Times.  For educational purposes only.  This reprint does not constitute or imply any endorsement or sponsorship of any product, service, company or organization.  Visit the website at www.washingtontimes.com.


1. The swearing-in ceremony begins at 10 a.m. EST today. What time did checkpoints for spectators open this morning? What time did people begin to arrive for the ceremony?

2. How cold was it at 6 a.m. in Washington?

3. How many people are expected to attend the swearing-in ceremony and/or inaugural parade? How many police and military personnel are part of security for Inauguration Day?

4. How many people had taken the metro (subway) into D.C. by 7 a.m.?

5. Would you like to have attended the swearing-in ceremony, the inaugural parade, both or neither? Explain your answer.

6. Read more about presidential inaugurations under “Resources” below.


January 20, 2009 Inauguration Day Schedule (from WSJ.com):

o 9:45 a.m.: Platform seating begins
o 11:03 a.m.: Former presidents seated
o 11:12 a.m.: Obama, Biden, Bush and Cheney families seated
o 11:20 a.m.: President Bush and Vice President Cheney seated
o 11:22 a.m.: Vice President-elect Joe Biden seated
o 11:25 a.m.: President-elect Barack Obama seated
o 11:30 a.m.: Sen. Diane Feinstein’s opening remarks
o 11:35 a.m.: Invocation by Pastor Rick Warren
o 11:38 a.m.: Aretha Franklin sings “My Country Tis of Thee”
o 11:44 a.m.: Sen. Bob Bennett introduces Justice Stevens
o 11:46 a.m.: Justice Stevens administers Vice Presidential Oath
o 11:48 a.m.: Yo-Yo Ma, Anthony McGill, Gabriela Montero, and Itzhak Perlman perform
o 11:56 a.m.: Chief Justice Roberts administers Presidential Oath
o 11:58 a.m.: Sen. Feinstein introduces Obama
o 12:01 p.m.: Obama’s Inaugural address
o 12:21 p.m.: Poet Elizabeth Alexander reads
o 12:27 p.m.: Rev. Joseph Lowery’s benediction
o 12:32 p.m.: Departure ceremony
o 12:36 p.m.: President Bush departs in helicopter
o 12:52 p.m.: President’s Room signing ceremony
o 1:05 p.m.: Statuary Hall luncheon
o 2:32 p.m.: Review of the troops
o 2:36 p.m.: Obama and Biden leave with parade
-All times EST and approximate


Read quotes from previous inauguration speeches at wsj.com. (NOTE: This document is in PDF format.)

Read about the upcoming Inauguartion Day Events at the U.S. Senate website

Read “Facts and Firsts” and the “Chronology of Inauguration Day,” also watch various swearing in ceremonies at the Senate website at

Take inauguration quizzes at the National Archives website at
archives.gov/education/lessons/inaugural-quiz and at washingtontimes.com.

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