(by Marianela Jimenez, YahooNews.com) AP, SAN JOSE, Costa Rica – Costa Ricans have elected their first woman president as the ruling party candidate won in a landslide after campaigning to continue free market policies in Central America’s most stable nation.
With most of the votes from Sunday’s election counted, Laura Chinchilla held a 22-point lead over her closest rival. Her 47 percent share of the vote was well beyond the 40 percent needed to avoid a run-off.
The 50-year-old protege of the current president, Nobel Peace Prize laureate Oscar Arias, promised to pursue the same economic policies that recently brought the country into a trade pact with the U.S. and opened commerce with China.
“Today we are making history,” said Chinchilla, who will be the fifth Latin American woman to serve as president when she takes office in May. “The Costa Rican people have given me their confidence, and I will not betray it.”
The closest contender, Otton Solis of the Citizens Action Party, got 25 percent of the votes. He and the other main rival, Libertarian Otto Guevara, quickly conceded defeat.
It was unclear, however, whether Chinchilla’s National Liberation Party would gain a majority in congress. …
The third-place candidate, Guevara, congratulated Chinchilla as “our president,” but he also pointed out the new political muscle of his tax-bashing Libertarian Movement Party. He won 21 percent of the vote.
Arias’ economic policies helped insulate Costa Rica from the world economic crisis as he kept a high profile on the world stage as a negotiator in Honduras’ political crisis after a coup deposed President Manuel Zelaya in June.
Critics of the Arias government, in which Chinchilla served as vice president, contended its policies catered to big developers to boost the economy at the cost of the nation’s fragile ecosystems.
But most Costa Ricans were reluctant to shake up the status quo in a country with relatively high salaries, the longest life expectancy in Latin America, a thriving ecotourism industry and near-universal literacy.
Chinchilla, the mother of a teenage son, is a social conservative who opposes abortion and gay marriage. She appealed both to Costa Ricans seeking a fresh face and those reluctant to risk the unknown.
As a female president, she would follow an increasingly common trend in many Latin American countries: Nicaragua, Panama, Chile and Argentina have all elected women as presidents.
Alfredo Fernandez, 77, said he has always voted for the National Liberation Party, but this time his ballot was special.
“It is an honor to be able to have a woman president,” he said.
Even Costa Ricans on the margins of society backed Chinchilla.
Heizel Arias, a 24-year-old single mother voted at a prison where she is serving an eight-year drug smuggling sentence.
“I voted for Laura Chinchilla because she has promised to fight for women,” Arias said. “She was the only one who visited us and told us her plans and I believe in her.”
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1. a) What is the capital of Costa Rica?
b) List the countries and bodies of water that border Costa Rica.
2. On what main issue did the winner of Costa Rica’s presidential election run?
3. What is significant about Laura Chinchilla’s presidential victory?
4. Why did critics of President Oscar Arias’ government (in which Chinchilla served as vice president) oppose his economic policies?
5. What positive aspects of Arias’ government did Costa Ricans want to continue by electing Laura Chinchilla?
6. As a social conservative, what policies does President Chinchilla oppose?
- Costa Rica is a democratic republic with a very strong system of constitutional checks and balances.
- The president and 57 Legislative Assembly deputies are elected for 4-year terms.
- In April 2003, the Costa Rican Constitutional Court annulled a 1969 constitutional reform which had barred presidents from running for reelection.
- As a result, the law reverted back to the 1949 Constitution, which permits ex-presidents to run for reelection after they have been out of office for two presidential terms, or eight years.
- On January 1, 2009, the U.S.-Central American-Dominican Republic Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA-DR) entered into force in Costa Rica.
- Costa Rica has long emphasized the development of democracy and respect for human rights.
- The country’s political system has steadily developed, maintaining democratic institutions and an orderly, constitutional scheme for government succession. Several factors have contributed to this trend, including enlightened leadership, comparative prosperity, flexible class lines, educational opportunities that have created a stable middle class, and high social indicators.
- Also, because Costa Rica has no armed forces, it has avoided military involvement in political affairs, unlike other countries in the region.
Read more about Costa Rica at the U.S. State Department website at state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/2019.htm.
Go to worldatlas.com for a map of Costa Rica.
Read about Laura Chinchilla at laura-chinchilla.com/biography-laura-chinchilla-costa-rica-presidential-campaign. (NOTE: This is an unofficial website.)
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