(by Yannick LeJacq, NBCNews) – The Jan. 1 deadline to end production of 60- and 40-watt incandescent light bulbs just passed, but most Americans aren’t even aware that their traditional light sources will soon become a rare commodity, according to one consumer survey.
Lighting manufacturer Osram Sylvania recently released its sixth annual “Sylvania Socket Survey,” which found that only 4 in 10 consumers were aware that 60- and 40-watt light bulbs are being phased out in 2014 as production ends.
Sixty-four percent of participants were aware that a general elimination of incandescent light bulbs was taking place, however, which represents a sharp increase from recent years. In Osram Sylvania’s 2012 survey, only 52 percent of participants were aware of any phase-out. In 2008 – just a year after then-President George W. Bush signed the Energy Independence and Security Act (EISA) into law, mandating that low-efficiency incandescent light bulbs be gradually removed from production – only 21 percent of people surveyed knew of the oncoming shift in how you light up your house.
The government began phasing out 100- and 75-watt light bulbs in 2012 and 2013 respectively. The elimination of 60- and 40-watt bulbs will have a much greater impact on U.S. consumers because they are the two most popular bulbs on the market, according to the electronics industry research firm IMS Research.
With a major shift on the horizon, some Americans are doing their best to take stock of the situation. It’s still perfectly legal to buy incandescent light bulbs as long as supplies last – companies just can’t import or manufacture any new ones. Osram Sylvania’s survey found that 30 percent of those who are aware of the phase-out are planning to stockpile the leftover light bulbs.
Others have already begun to seek out alternatives, however. Noah Horowitz, director of the Center for Energy Efficiency for the liberal environmental group Natural Resource Defense Council, identified “three major types of bulbs to choose from”: more-efficient incandescent bulbs (also referred to as halogen incandescents), LEDs and compact fluorescent (CFLs).
Osram Sylvania’s survey found that 46 percent of respondents are planning to switch to CFLs, while 24 percent prefer LEDs. Thirteen percent hope to use new and improved incandescents.
The 60- and 40-watt light bulbs are being discontinued because they fail to meet standards set forth in EISA. That legislation set a timetable that requires all screw-in light bulbs to use 25 percent less power by 2014 and 65 percent less by 2020, a requirement that is impossible for incandescent bulb manufacturers to accomplish.
You can read the full Osram Sylvania 2013 Socket Survey here.
Reprinted here for educational purposes only. May not be reproduced on other websites without permission from NBC News. Visit the website at nbcnews.com.
1. As of Jan. 1, 2014, why are incandescent light bulbs no longer being manufactured in or imported to the U.S.?
2. a) What percent of Americans were not aware that the production of incandescent light bulbs is effectively banned in the U.S. as of January 1, 2014?
b) Who should be blamed for the lack of knowledge about this law – Americans themselves, the government, the media, etc.? Explain your answer.
3. a) What is the name of the law that effectively banned incandescent light bulbs? When was the bill signed into law?
b) What president signed the bill into law?
c) What does the law actually require? and which wattages were affected in what years?
4. What types of light bulbs will be available for consumers to purchase in the future?
5. How will some consumers who prefer the incandescents respond to the end of 40 and 60 watt production?
6. Many people do not like the light from CFLs or LEDs. Others don’t like the fact that CFLs contain mercury and ask what effect discarded CFLs thrown into landfills will have on the environment. Others don’t want the government telling them what they can and can’t buy because it will reduce our carbon emissions and our utility bills–they want to be free to choose for themselves without government interference. Still others hear that the new bulbs will save them money and be better for the environment by not using as much electricity. They are willing to pay a lot more per bulb after hearing how many years they will last. They do not mind the government’s interference. What do you think? Should the government be able to force people to buy more energy efficient bulbs? (Is this part of the role of the government?)
7. According to energy advocate Marita Noon: “One of the stated purposes of the 2007 Energy Independence and Security Act was to move the U.S. toward ‘greater energy independence and security.’ Light bulbs are powered by electricity. The U.S. is, and has been, electricity independent and secure. We import oil for our transportation fleet, not for electricity. Light bulb efficiency has nothing to do with energy independence or security.” What do you think of Ms. Noon’s assertion?
CHALLENGE QUESTION: The NY Post editors wrote: “The average house has about 100 light bulbs. The average cost of a light bulb in 2007 when the law was passed was 25 cents meaning your house had about $25 worth of light bulbs. Today, those same 100 light bulbs would set you back about $500.”
Ask a parent if he/she believes this will be a worthwhile expense in the long run?
Count the number of light bulbs in your own house. Price the bulbs (CFLs, LEDs) that your family will choose to replace the incandescents with; what will the cost be to your family?
OR if your family has already switched all of your bulbs, check your electric bill for actual savings.
from a USA Today report:
Life span of CFLs:
- Some consumers complain that CFLs don’t last as long as advertised. One characteristic of CFL bulbs is they are “fairly fragile” and can succumb to overheating, said Terry McGowan, director of engineering for the American Lighting Association.
- “Those life ratings are established in a test lab and not established in somebody’s living room fixture,” McGowan said. “When you put them in a fixture and bottle them up in a glass shade, they get too hot and the life will be shortened.”
- LED lights can also overheat. McGowan recommends using these bulbs in light fixtures that have good ventilation.
- CFL bulbs are also susceptible to shorter life spans when they are frequently turned on and off. A bathroom might not be a good place for a CFL, for example. A table lamp, floor lamp or hallway light would be more likely to extend a CFL bulb’s life span, McGowan said.
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