News from Pakistan, South Africa and Libya

Tuesday's World Events   —   Posted on August 30, 2011

PAKISTAN – Al-Qaida’s No. 2 killed by U.S. in Pakistan

Atiyah Abd al-Rahman

U.S. and Pakistani officials said al-Qaida’s second-in-command, Atiyah Abd al-Rahman, has been killed in Pakistan, delivering another big blow to a terrorist group that the U.S. believes to be on the verge of defeat. …

A Libyan national, al-Rahman never had the worldwide name recognition of bin Laden or bin Laden’s successor, Ayman al-Zawahiri. But al-Rahman was regarded as an instrumental figure in the terrorist organization, trusted by bin Laden to oversee al-Qaida’s daily operations.  When the SEALs raided bin Laden’s compound [and killed him in May], they found evidence of al-Rahman’s deep involvement in running al-Qaida. …

Al-Zawahiri is running the group but is considered a divisive figure who lacks the…ability to galvanize al-Qaida’s disparate franchises.  A U.S. official, who spoke on condition of anonymity to summarize the government’s intelligence on al-Rahman, said al-Rahman’s death will make it harder for Zawahiri to oversee what is considered an increasingly weakened organization.  “Zawahiri needed Atiyah’s experience and connections to help manage al-Qaida,” the official said.

Al-Rahman was killed Aug. 22 in the lawless Pakistani tribal region of Waziristan, according to a senior administration official, who also insisted on anonymity to discuss intelligence issues. … Al-Rahman has been thought to be dead before. Last year, there were reports that [he] was killed in a drone strike; neither U.S. officials nor al-Qaida ever confirmed them. The officials who confirmed the death Saturday said it represented the consensus opinion of the U.S. government.

Born in Libya, al-Rahman joined bin Laden as a teenager in Afghanistan to fight the Soviet Union.  He once served as bin Laden’s personal emissary to Iran. Al-Rahman was allowed to move freely in and out of Iran as part of that arrangement and has been operating out of Waziristan for some time, officials have said.

SOUTH AFRICA – Government considers halting rhino hunts

JOHANNESBURG – An environmental official says South Africa is considering halting rhinoceros trophy hunting as [criminals] abuse the system to illegally acquire rhino horn that is prized in Asian medicine.

The warning came at a news conference Monday where Environment Minister Edna Molewa announced that poachers have killed 279 rhinos this year. The onslaught has continued despite the deployment of scores of troops.

Molewa said 155 suspects have been arrested this year.

Poaching has reached unprecedented highs as the price of rhino horn has surpassed that of gold.

Vietnam has become a major destination for poached horn. Two Vietnamese were sentenced to long jail terms in South Africa this month after they were arrested with 20 rhino horns that had been illegally acquired from legal hunts.

LIBYA – Gaddafi’s private jet becomes leather-lined lounge for rebels

TRIPOLI – Col Muammar Gaddafi’s private airliner, until recently an international symbol of his iron grip on Libya, has become, for now, a leather-lined lounge for opposition forces holding Tripoli’s international airport.

Yesterday the rebels took turns being photographed sitting in the deposed dictator’s bedroom or on well-upholstered sofas on board the Airbus A340, which Gaddafi bought for [almost $120 million] in 2003.

Like everything Gaddafi owned, the aircraft is a showcase for his vulgar tastes, with armchairs bound in silver leather, red and grey carpets on the floor and nightclub-style spotlights all over the ceiling.

The same aircraft became infamous the world over in 2009 when Gaddafi sent it to Glasgow, with his son Saif al-Islam on board, to bring home the Lockerbie bomber Abdelbaset Ali Mohmed al Megrahi, whose arrival in Tripoli was used as a propaganda showpiece by the former leader.

Operated for Gaddafi by Tripoli-based Afriqiyah airways, the Airbus has been grounded since Nato imposed a no-fly zone over Libya six months ago, but has at least survived the fate of some of the airline’s other planes, which have been reduced to ashes after being hit by missiles.

(The news briefs above are from wire reports and staff reports posted at BostonHerald.com and Telegraph.co.uk on Aug. 28th, and The Boston Globe, Boston.com on Aug. 29th.)

Questions

1. For each of the 3 countries, give the following information:
a) the countries that share its borders
b) the religious breakdown of the population
c) the type of government
d) the chief of state (and head of government if different) [If monarch or dictator, since what date has he/she ruled? – include name of heir apparent for monarch] e) the population

[Find the answers at the CIA World FactBook website. For each country, answers can be found under the “Geography” “People” and “Government” headings.  Go to worldatlas.com for a list of continents.]

2. For Pakistan:
a) list the who, what, where and when of the news item
b) Read the two different points of view on the significance of al-Rahman’s death under “Background” below.  Do you think the killing of al-Rahman by a U.S. drone will help to destroy al-Qaeda?  Explain your answer.

3. For South Africa:
a) list the who, what, where and when of the news item
b) Legal rhinoceros trophy hunts in South Africa drew [$6.9 million] in revenue in 2009 (according to AFP).  An environmental official says South Africa is considering a ban on rhinoceros trophy hunting.  Would a complete ban on rhino hunting be the best way to stop poachers from killing rhinos for their expensive horns?  Explain your answer.

4. For Libya:
a) list the who, what, where and when of the news item
b) Editorialize is defined as: to introduce opinion into the reporting of facts (from Merriam-Webster Dictionary, m-w.com) OR to express a personal opinion, especially when you should be giving a report of the facts only (from dictionary.cambridge.org)
Which sentence from the news brief on Libya is an example of editorializing in a news report?

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Background

PAKISTAN:  Contrasting views of the significance of Abd al-Rahman’s death:

  • “There appears to be a faction in our intelligence agencies that wishes to pronounce al-Qaeda dead – or near death. That would certainly give the president a nice campaign theme, wouldn’t it?  While there is little doubt that a decade of attacks on al-Qaeda infrastructure, leadership, and cells has weakened it, the terrorist group does not appear to be going away. As long as they are able to function in the inaccessible mountains of Pakistan, they will be a threat. Pretending otherwise for political purposes doesn’t change that fact.” (from americanthinker.com)
  • Rahman’s death is a huge deal: This may seem like “just another in the revolving-door fatalities among al Qaeda’s operations chiefs,” says David Ignatius in The Washington Post. But it’s much bigger: Rahman was bin Laden’s conduit to al Qaeda. He was more important to the network than the new No. 1, the “divisive” and unpopular Ayman al-Zawahiri. Rahman’s death is “a body blow” against the terrorist group, and moves al Qaeda’s top leadership a big step “closer to extinction.” (from washingtonpost.com)

SOUTH AFRICA:
Rising demand for rhino horns and a crackdown on their illegal trade have made the horns extremely valuable – they are now twice as valuable as gold.  British officials say that if they had been real, the imitation horns that were stolen from a museum exhibit in England this weekend would be worth about $391,000 on the open market.  Rhino horns are in great demand globally, particularly in Southeast Asia, where they are ground up for use as alleged aphrodisiacs and in traditional medicines or turned into decorative dagger handles.  Studies by Swiss pharmaceutical firm Hoffmann-La Roche and the Zoological Society of London dispelled claims that rhino keratin bears any effect on the human body. (last sentence from ehow.com)

Resources

SOUTH AFRICA:  Read related article “Thieves Steal Fake Rhino Horns from British Museum” at startribune.com/world/128521793.html.

PAKISTAN: Watch an AP news report on al-Rahman below:


LIBYA: 
Watch a news report from Sat. Aug. 27th below:

and a news report from inside Gadhafi’s luxury jet: