(by Amanda Woods, New York Post) — The FDA has approved a blood test that will determine whether a person has been infected by COVID-19, the agency said Thursday morning.
“We’re going to announce today, our first approval of a serology test that will, in laboratories, allow the labs to determine exposure in the antibodies,” FDA Commissioner Dr. Stephen Hahn said on CBS News Radio (on April 2).
These serology tests can effectively identify past coronavirus infections, but are less successful at identifying recent ones, CNN reported.
The authorized test, from manufacturer Cellex Inc., requires blood to be collected through a vein and can only be performed in a certified lab, according to the report.
Because antibodies can take a while to develop, the FDA has previously warned against using such tests to definitively diagnose COVID-19, according to the report.
But it has issued an Emergency Use Authorization* for this test, indicating that the benefits outweigh the risks.
“Based on the totality of scientific evidence available to FDA, it is reasonable to believe that your product may be effective in diagnosing COVID-19,” FDA chief scientist Denise M. Hinton said in a Wednesday letter to James X. Li, the CEO of Cellex.
“The known and potential benefits of your product when used for diagnosing COVID-19, outweigh the known and potential risks of your product.”
Serology tests can help officials grasp how prevalent the virus is — allowing them to identify people who may have been infected before but showed little to no symptoms, CNN reported.
Joe Bresee, deputy incident manager for the CDC’s pandemic response, told reporters. “We think the serum studies will be very important to understand what the true amount of infection is out in the community.”[*Under the FDA’s Emergency Use Authorization, the FDA Commissioner may allow unapproved medical products or unapproved uses of approved medical products to be used in an emergency to diagnose, treat, or prevent serious or life-threatening diseases or conditions caused by CBRN [chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear (CBRN) and emerging infectious disease threats] threat agents when there are no adequate, approved, and available alternatives.].
Published at NYPost .com on April 2, 2020. Reprinted here for educational purposes only. May not be reproduced on other websites without permission from New York Post.
1. List the who, what, where and when of the news report.
2. Define antibodies and serology as used in the article.
3. What will Cellex’s blood test determine?
4. How/where do the blood tests have to be performed?
5. For what reason had the FDA previously warned against using this type of blood test to diagnose coronavirus? Why ok it now?
6. What is the purpose/benefit of the serology tests to the CDC and other health officials?
7. If an asymptomatic person has contracted the coronavirus (and recovered without even knowing they had it) it is possible that that person will have immunity to the virus. Frances Lund, chair of the microbiology department at the University of Alabama at Birmingham, told NBC News, “It is reasonable to predict [previously infected people] will have some immunity. To say you will have lifelong immunity? We just don’t know yet….But I think it’s a reasonable conclusion that you will have immunity for the rest of this season.”
We read/watch multiple bad news stories every day. Why is it important for people to learn about the progress being made by researchers and scientists?
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