Example of Media Bias:
President Trump received 92% bad press, vs. just 8% good press on the ABC, CBS and NBC evening news shows in the month of September, according to a study by MRC news analysts.
Since Inauguration Day (January 20), the broadcast networks have tilted 90% anti-Trump, vs. 10% pro-Trump, not counting partisan statements or neutral/informational coverage. (See our methodology statement at the bottom of this article for details.) Regardless of the topic, there has been little variation in the negative tone of coverage each month.
September’s news coverage focused on six big topics:
- the showdown with North Korea
- immigration policy (the DREAMers and border wall)
- the President’s response to three major hurricanes
- President Trump’s criticism of NFL players who kneel during the National Anthem
- the latest effort to repeal ObamaCare
- the controversy over several cabinet officers using expensive private jets
These six topics accounted for two-thirds of the administration’s TV news reports in September. While the North Korea crisis received the most attention, this was also the topic with the fewest evaluative comments — just 20 during nearly an hour of coverage — which translates into a large percentage of neutral coverage.
The networks focused most of their evaluative coverage on immigration, the NFL and the private jet flights of cabinet officials (especially Health and Human Services Secretary Tom Price, who resigned September 29).
Not surprisingly, 100% of the coverage of the expensive jet flights by Cabinet officials was negative.
Nearly all (96%) of the coverage of the administration’s immigration policy was negative. On September 5, for example, CBS Evening News anchor Anthony Mason framed the President’s decision to end the Obama-era DACA program as “a dream lost for thousands of undocumented immigrants,” while a subsequent story by correspondent John Blackstone focused only on the negative reaction of those who benefited from the policy.
“In Phoenix, DACA recipients and their families listened to Attorney General Sessions’ announcement and shed tears,” Blackstone said. Over on ABC that same night, correspondent Cecilia Vega also attempted to push viewers’ emotional buttons — “DREAMers like Jesus Conteras are terrified” — while NBC’s Kristen Welker said “immigration advocates say his move to end DACA is cold-hearted.”
The networks framed the President’s tweets about the NFL as divisive: ABC weekend anchor Tom Llamas on September 24 argued that “outrage” was “building over the President’s heated comments” as correspondent Ryan Smith saw “growing backlash across the country.”
The next night, CBS correspondent Dean Reynolds visited a cafeteria where all of the patrons he showcased criticized the President, including one woman who declared: “He has a lot of supporters that’s probably cut from the same cloth that he is: angry, bitter, racist, ignorant.”
But the next night, correspondent Jim Axelrod found fans who agreed with the President, including one Steelers’ fan who “is upset with his team for what he sees as caving to political correctness.”
A CNN poll taken in late September found more Americans (49%) said players who knelt during the National Anthem were doing the wrong thing, compared to 43% who said it was the right thing. Yet broadcast evening news coverage of this topic was slanted about four-to-one against the President, with 59 comments criticizing him (81%) vs. 14 in support (19%).
One other note from this month’s study: by September 30, Trump’s response to Hurricane Maria had already drawn nearly six times more coverage than his response to Hurricane Irma in Florida — nearly 27 minutes vs. 4 minutes, 37 seconds, with about 3 minutes spent on August’s Hurricane Harvey. (Please note: These figures do not include all network coverage of these storms, only the coverage focused on the administration’s response.)
And, while there were few evaluative comments about Trump’s response to Irma (just four, three of which were positive), the networks transmitted 29 negative statements about his response to Maria, vs. just 2 positive comments (yielding a 94% bad press score).
Methodology: Our measure of spin was designed to isolate the networks’ own slant, not the back-and-forth of partisan politics. Thus, our analysts ignored soundbites which merely showcased the traditional party line (Republicans supporting Trump, Democrats criticizing him), and instead tallied evaluative statements which imparted a clear positive or negative tone to the story, such as statements from experts presented as non-partisan, voters, or opinionated statements from the networks’ own reporters.
Using these criteria, MRC analysts tallied 393 evaluative statements about the Trump administration in June, July and August, of which 361 (92%) were negative vs. 32 (8%) which were positive. Since Trump took office on January 20, there have been 4,537 such evaluative statements, of which 4,073 (90%) have been negative, vs. 464 (10%) which have been positive.
(Adapted from a report by Rich Noyes and Mike Ciandella, Oct. 5, 2017, MRC .org)
1. What is the role of the media?
2. What type of bias do ABC, NBC and CBS display when reporting on President Trump?
3. An October 6 Rasmussen poll showed that 46% of likely U.S. voters approve of President Trump’s job performance. Fifty-three percent (53%) disapprove. Do you think the number would be different if news reports on President Trump were more neutral (if they just reported on what he did/said without slanting the coverage)?
For example: A CNN poll taken in late September found more Americans (49%) said players who knelt during the National Anthem were doing the wrong thing, compared to 43% who said it was the right thing. Yet broadcast evening news coverage of this topic was slanted about four-to-one against the President, with 59 comments criticizing him (81%) vs. 14 in support (19%).
Explain your answer.
Scroll down to the bottom of the page for the answers.
1. The role of the media is to inform the public as honestly, fairly, and accurately as possible about news crucial to a democracy.
2. ABC, NBC and CBS display bias by spin when reporting on President Trump. Also, selection of sources.
3. Opinion question. Answers vary.