Read the excerpt below (from Clay Waters' post at Read "Types of Media Bias" in the right column. Then answer the questions.

A voter ID law in Indiana that [NY Times Supreme Court reporter] Linda Greenhouse found “objectionable” was upheld by the Supreme Court 6-3, in what she called a “splintered” decision. But what about close rulings she approves of?

Tuesday’s paper led with the Supreme Court ruling, by a vote of 6-3, to uphold an Indiana law requiring voters to show photo identification at the polls. …[Ms.] Greenhouse called it a “splintered decision.”

The Supreme Court upheld Indiana’s voter identification law on Monday, concluding in a splintered decision that the challengers failed to prove that the law’s photo ID requirement placed an unconstitutional burden on the right to vote.

The 6-to-3 ruling kept the door open to future lawsuits that provided more evidence. But this theoretical possibility was small comfort to the dissenters or to critics of voter ID laws, who predicted that a more likely outcome than successful lawsuits would be the spread of measures that would keep some legitimate would-be voters from the polls.

Voting experts said the ruling was likely to complicate election administration, leading to both more litigation and more legislation, at least in states with Republican legislative majorities, but would probably have a limited impact on this year’s presidential voting.

A Nexis search shows Greenhouse has used the term “splintered” three times in the last three years, in each case referring to a decision supported by conservatives. An attempt, unconsciously or not, to minimize a conservative court victory by emphasizing its fractious nature? Judge for yourself:

June 25, 2007: “The Supreme Court on Monday took a sharp turn away from campaign finance regulation, opening a wide exception to the advertising restrictions that it upheld when the McCain-Feingold law first came before it four years ago. In a splintered 5-to-4 decision…”

July 2, 2006: “A splintered decision rejected a challenge to the Republican-driven mid-decade redistricting of Texas’s Congressional map, finding that it was not an impermissible partisan gerrymander.”

June 27, 2006: “Vermont’s limits on campaign contributions and on campaign spending by candidates are unconstitutional, the Supreme Court ruled on Monday in a splintered 6-to-3 decision suggesting that efforts to limit the role of money in politics might face considerable resistance in the Roberts court.”

By contrast, Greenhouse’s story of June 30, 2006 on a close liberal ruling found no “splintering,” but instead a “sweeping and categorical defeat for the administration.”

Over the headline, “Justices, 5-3, Broadly Reject Bush Plan to Try Detainees,” Greenhouse gushed:

The Supreme Court on Thursday repudiated the Bush administration’s plan to put Guantánamo detainees on trial before military commissions, ruling broadly that the commissions were unauthorized by federal statute and violated international law….The decision was such a sweeping and categorical defeat for the administration that it left human rights lawyers who have pressed this and other cases on behalf of Guantánamo detainees almost speechless with surprise and delight, using words like “fantastic,” “amazing” and “remarkable.”

On the PBS Washington Week program of September 28, 2007, Greenhouse indicated she found Indiana’s plan “objectionable.”
Read the original posting at

Identifying Media Bias

To accurately identify different types of bias, you should be aware of the issues of the day, and the liberal and conservative perspectives on each issue.

Types of Media Bias:


1. What type of bias is the excerpt below an example of?
2. Based on the examples, do you think Ms. Greenhouse’s reporting is biased?  Explain your answer.

Scroll down to the bottom of the page for the answers.


1. The excerpt is an example of bias by SPIN.  Spin involves tone – a reporter’s subjective comments about objective facts.
2. OPINION QUESTION. Answers vary.