World #1 – N. Korea offers to shut nuclear test site in May, invite US experts

Daily News Article   —   Posted on May 1, 2018

World #1 – N. Korea offers to shut nuclear test site in May, invite US experts

North Korean dictator Kim Jong Un shakes hands with the then-CIA Director Mike Pompeo. (Mr. Pompeo is now the United States Secretary of State, as of April 26, 2018.)

(by Agence France-Presse) – North Korea has promised to shut its atomic test site within weeks and invite American weapons experts to verify its closure, Seoul reported Sunday, as new US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo said Washington had an “obligation” to pursue peace.

North Korean leader Kim Jong Un — who may meet US President Donald Trump as early as [May] — also said Pyongyang would have no need for nuclear weapons if it were promised it would not be invaded, according to Seoul.

Friday’s historic meeting saw Kim and South Korean President Moon Jae-in agree to pursue the complete denuclearization of the peninsula.

Washington’s new chief diplomat said he and Kim held in-depth talks about a denuclearization “mechanism” when [he met with him in Pyongyang] over Easter.

“We talked a great deal about what it might look like, what this complete, verifiable, irreversible mechanism might look like,” Pompeo said.

“We have an obligation to engage in diplomatic discourse to try and find a peaceful solution so that Americans aren’t held at risk by Kim Jong Un and his nuclear arsenal,” Pompeo told ABC, saying there is a “real opportunity” for progress.

He was speaking as the Blue House [Korea’s White House] in Seoul reported Kim told Moon during the summit he would close the North’s nuclear test site in May.

Kim also said he “would soon invite experts of South Korea and the US as well as journalists to disclose the process to the international community with transparency,” Seoul’s presidential spokesman Yoon Young-chan added.

Tensions spiked last year over the North’s testing of atomic weapons and long-range missiles, including some capable of reaching the US mainland.

“Kim said ‘the US feels repelled by us, but once we talk, they will realize that I am not a person who will fire a nuclear weapon to the South or the US or target the US’,” according to Yoon.

The North Korean leader reportedly added: “If we meet often (with the US), build trust, end the war and eventually are promised no invasion, why would we live with the nuclear weapons?”

Kim also slammed speculation that the North’s Punggye-ri nuclear test site was already unusable after an underground tunnel there reportedly collapsed.

“As they will see once they visit, there are two more tunnels (at the test site) that are even bigger… and they are in good condition,” he was quoted as saying. …..

President Trump held phone calls earlier Saturday with both Moon and Japan’s Prime Minister Shinzo Abe, declaring “things are going very well.”… But he also sounded a note of caution, saying he was prepared to walk away if US demands for North Korea to relinquish its atomic arsenal were not met. The president is expected to hold a  summit with Kim “in the next three or four weeks.”

Pyongyang has [requested] as-yet-unspecified security guarantees to discuss its arsenal, but Kim could use the meeting with President Trump to agree on “the range of nuclear weapons and facilities to be dismantled and specific timeframe to do so,” said Hong Min, an analyst at the Korea Institute for National Unification. …

Kim and Moon said at their summit that they had a “common goal of realizing, through complete denuclearization, a nuclear-free Korean Peninsula.” …

North Korea has agreed to send a delegation to next month’s Winter Olympics in South Korea and to hold talks with Seoul to ease military tensions, in the most significant thaw in relations between the neighboring states in years.

The two leaders also pledged in a joint statement to formally end the Korean War, which ceased in 1953 with an armistice rather than a peace treaty.

[Also of note]: in another conciliatory gesture, Kim said he would move North Korea’s clocks 30 minutes forward to unify with the South’s time zone. Pyongyang had changed its standard time to half an hour behind the South in 2015. North Korea’s parliament on Monday adopted a decree to return to the same time zone as South Korea from May 5, the North’s official KCNA news agency said.

Published at Agence France-Presse on April 29, 2018.

Questions

1. For NORTH KOREA, give the following information:

  1. capital
  2. location/the countries that share its borders
  3. the religious breakdown of the population
  4. the type of government
  5. the chief of state (and head of government if different) If monarch or dictator, since what date has he/she ruled? – include name of heir apparent for monarch
  6. the population

Find the answers at the CIA World FactBook website. For each country, answers can be found under the “Geography” “People” and “Government” headings.

NOTE: Before answering the following questions, read the “Background” and watch the video under “Resources” below.

2. For NORTH KOREA:
a) list the who, what, where and when of the news item
b) Name the following people: U.S. Secretary of State, South Korean president, North Korean dictator
c) How does Mr. Pompeo describe U.S. requirements for an agreement over denuclearization of the Korean peninsula?
d) What did Kim Jong-Un say about inspections of the North’s atomic test site?
e) In 1994, then-President Bill Clinton made a nuclear deal with North Korea.

  • President Clinton said it was a good deal that would prevent North Korea from obtaining nuclear weapons. Unfortunately, it did not work out as hoped.
  • In February 2016, CNN reported: “According to multiple experts, North Korea has at least a dozen and perhaps as many as 100 nuclear weapons, though at present it lacks sophisticated delivery mechanisms.”
  • In a September 2016 Reuters article, the reporters characterize the U.S., South Korea, Japan, the UN… as “powerless to contain” North Korea’s nuclear weapons program. They quote a Japanese professor as saying the sanctions aimed to put pressure on North Korea “have reached their limits.”
  • President Trump didn’t agree, and the U.S. persuaded the UN to impose extremely strict economic sanctions on North Korea.
  • Many experts and most media reports warned that Trump’s tough talk would get us into a nuclear war with North Korea.
  • Many now are dismissing the president’s role in the historic events taking place, or warning that this is just another stall tactic by North Korea.

Ask a parent what he/she thinks about President Trump’s efforts in forcing North Korea to denuclearize and what the possibility of it actually occurring are.


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