MEXICO CITY (Reuters) – Mexican officials on Friday admitted they had bungled the arrest of jailed kingpin Joaquin “El Chapo” Guzman’s son, who they let go amidst shootouts with drug gangs in the streets of a major city, even as the president defended his security strategy.
Cartel gunmen surrounded security forces in the northwestern city of Culiacan on Thursday and made them free Ovidio Guzman, one of the drug lord’s dozen children, after his brief capture set off widespread gun battles and a jailbreak that stunned the country.
The chaos in Culiacan, a bastion of Guzman’s Sinaloa Cartel, raised pressure on President Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador, who took office in December promising to pacify a country weary of more than a decade of gang violence.
Lopez Obrador has come under heavy criticism on social media and among security experts, who said that authorities should not have caved in to the gang.
His own officials said the operation had not been planned as well as it should have been.
“It was done hastily, the consequences were not considered, the riskiest part wasn’t taken into account,” Defense Minister Luis Cresencio Sandoval told a news conference in Culiacan, alongside Security Minister Alfonso Durazo, who called the attempt to capture the younger Guzman a “failure.”
But the president defended the government response.
“Capturing a criminal can’t be worth more than people’s lives,” he said, adding that officials “did well” to free Ovidio Guzman. “We don’t want dead people, we don’t want war,” said Lopez Obrador, a veteran leftist who has advocated a less confrontational approach to tackling the gangs.
“We’re doing really well in our strategy,” he said.
The violent reaction to Guzman’s detention was on a scale rarely seen during Mexico’s long drug war, even after his more famous father’s arrests.
Sandoval said he had reports of at least eight people killed, including five suspected gang members, in Culiacan, a city of nearly 1 million people in Sinaloa state.
Footage on social media showed panicked residents fleeing and high caliber gunfire ringing out.
Chaos continued into the night after a large group of inmates also escaped from the city prison on Thursday. Residents cowered in shopping centers and supermarkets as gunfire roared. Black plumes of smoke rose across the skyline.
Gladys McCormick, a security analyst at Syracuse University in the United States, said the latest news from Mexico read like that of a country in “the throes of war.”
“What is incontrovertible is that the Sinaloa Cartel won yesterday’s battle,” she added. “Not only did they get the government to release Ovidio, they demonstrated to the citizens of Culiacan as well as the rest of Mexico who is in control.”
Lopez Obrador rejected the suggestion the government had acted weakly in releasing the younger Guzman, describing this view as “conjecture” put about by his adversaries to hurt him.
A trenchant critic of past administrations, Lopez Obrador said previous government strategies had turned Mexico into a “graveyard” and that his critics wanted him to continue with it.
He argues that authorities should focus more on the root causes of drug violence, such as poverty and a lack of jobs.
At the center of his strategy has been the creation of a new National Guard….
He has sought to underline his command of law and order by chairing security cabinet meetings every weekday at 6 a.m.
Still, the murder tally in Mexico this year is on track to surpass last year’s record total of more than 29,000.
Thursday’s events followed the massacre of more than a dozen police in western Mexico earlier this week, and the killing of 14 suspected gangsters by the army a day later.
Lopez Obrador said security forces had swooped on the house in Culiacan to capture Ovidio Guzman after a judge issued a warrant for his arrest and extradition.
That contradicted the initial version put out on Thursday by the government, which was that the officers had come under fire from the house while passing, then found Guzman inside.
The elder Guzman escaped from prison in Mexico twice, in 2001 and 2015. Under the previous administration, security forces captured him two times in Sinaloa, in 2014 and 2016.
The previous government extradited him to the United States [in 2018]. He was found guilty in a U.S. court in February of smuggling tons of drugs and sentenced to life in prison.
The U.S. Department of Justice unveiled an indictment against Ovidio and one of his brothers in February, charging them with conspiracy to distribute cocaine, methamphetamine, and marijuana in the United States.
Reporting by Dave Graham and Lizbeth Diaz; Additional reporting by Anthony Esposito. Published by Reuters .com on October , 2019. Reprinted here for educational purposes only. May not be reproduced on other websites without permission from Thompson Reuters.
1. For MEXICO, give the following information:
- location/the countries that share its borders
- the religious breakdown of the population
- the type of government
- the chief of state (and head of government if different) If monarch or dictator, since what date has he/she ruled? – include name of heir apparent for monarch
- the population
NOTE: Before answering the following questions, read the info under “Background” and watch the video under “Resources” below.
2. For MEXICO:
a) list the who, what, where and when of the news item
b) How did the president contradict his officials in explaining Guzman’s release?
c) How did the president contradict government officials’ explanation of how security forces initially engaged Guzman’s gunmen?
d) For years, the Mexican government has been a complete failure in dealing with the murderous cartels, including the attempts by President Lopez Obrador. What do they need to do take back the country for law abiding citizens and secure their safety and peaceful streets and cities? (Ask a parent if you are not sure.)
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