(by Raza Khan, WashingtonTimes.com) ISLAMABAD, Pakistan – Mainstream Muslim religious leaders in Pakistan have formed an alliance to openly oppose the Taliban, a development that promises to give authorities broad-based support to fight militants who have imposed a reign of terror on much of the northwest.
In the past, military operations against the Taliban have evoked widespread accusations [by Pakistanis] that the government was fighting Washington’s war, a view reinforced by a belief that dialogue and diplomacy could rein in the Taliban’s more barbarous practices.
The alliance, named the Sunni Ittehad Council (SIC) was formed Friday in Lahore, Pakistan’s most populous city. It initiated what it called a “Save Pakistan Movement” with the goal of stopping the growing “Talibanization” of the country.
The anti-Taliban alliance consists of eight Pakistani subsects of Barelvi Islam, a tolerant branch of Sunni Islam that is prominent throughout the Indian subcontinent, especially in Punjab, Pakistan’s most populous province.
The group says it will “unveil the real face of the Taliban before the public,” such as public executions, beheadings, amputations and floggings.
Fazal Karim, head of Jamiat Ulema-e-Pakistan, one faction of the anti-Taliban alliance, said: “Those who called themselves Taliban in Swat are terrorists and not humans. There is no room for suicide attacks in Islam.” Mr. Karim is also a member of the Pakistan’s National Assembly.
Word of the alliance comes as Pakistan’s army continued its offensive to push the Taliban out of the Swat Valley, pounding the former resort area with jets and helicopter gunships. Hundreds of thousands of refugees have fled Swat to escape the fighting. …
The anti-Taliban alliance plans to make its case by delivering sermons at Friday prayers, holding conferences, rallies and lobbying officials in the government and the army.
Participants in the alliance also said they were organizing a convention in Islamabad on Sunday to highlight their concerns, including reports of Taliban sympathizers within the nation’s military and intelligence services.
Mazhar Saeed Kazmi, who heads the Jamaat Ahl-e-Sunnat Pakistan, a leading member of the alliance, said the government should differentiate between rebels and patriots and keep the military and intelligence agencies free from sympathizers of the Taliban.
The two main groups of Sunni Muslims on the subcontinent are the Barelvis and Deobandis.
Taliban doctrine represents a violent diversion from Deobandi Islam, not unlike al Qaeda’s doctrine, a violent diversion from the Wahhabi or Salafi fundamentalist strain promoted by Saudi Arabia.
Most of the Afghan Taliban leaders studied at Deobandi seminaries in Pakistan and later came under the influence of Osama bin Laden and al Qaeda. …
At the Lahore meeting, Barelvi clerics vowed to support the government and military in rooting out the Taliban from the country and unanimously declared Deobandi leader Sufi Muhammad a “traitor of Islam.”
Mr. Muhammad took up arms in the 1990s to impose militant Islam in Swat, then a tourist haven. He was arrested in early 2002 for leading thousands of Pakistanis to fight the Americans in Afghanistan and freed in 2008 in one of at least three attempts by Pakistani authorities to negotiate a peace deal for Swat.
The Barelvi coalition has also demanded that the state use all resources to bring to justice Mr. Muhammad and Baitullah Mehsud, the leader of the Pakistani Taliban.
Mr. Kazmi of the coalition said Barelvi clerics are peaceful and patriotic, and would play their due role in saving the country from the dangers that the Taliban pose.
Fazal Karim, leader of another faction in the alliance, said that the Taliban were the enemies of Islam and Pakistan.
Engineer Sarwat Ejaz, the leader of yet another faction, went further, warning that Barelvi clerics would be compelled to call for an armed movement against the Taliban if the Taliban didn’t stop its advances.
The Barelvi coalition, though supportive of the government, retains the anti-U.S. edge that dominates Islam throughout Pakistan. Mr. Ejaz accused the U.S. of conspiring to cause a war between the Barelvi and Deobandi schools of thought. ………….
Mufti Muneeb-ur-Rahman, a leading Muslim religious scholar in Pakistan and a member of the leading Barelvi group in the coalition, said: “The government got afraid of those who had little nuisance value and militant capacity and under this state started dialogue with them and giving in to their demands and due to this we are facing this menace.”
He added, “We are opposing Taliban on principles. However, we would through peaceful measures persuade the government [to] understand the situation. If a state wants to enter into an agreement with individuals it means the [state] considers the latter a parallel government.”
Copyright 2009 News World Communications, Inc. Reprinted with permission of the Washington Times. For educational purposes only. This reprint does not constitute or imply any endorsement or sponsorship of any product, service, company or organization. Visit the website at www.washingtontimes.com.
1. How does the alliance of Muslim religious leaders, formed to oppose the Taliban, contrast with past public opinion?
2. What is the goal of the SIC’s “Save Pakistan Movement”?
3. What sect of Muslims make up the SIC (the anti-Taliban alliance)? Be specific.
4. How does SIC plan to unveil the real face of the Taliban before the public?
5. Name the five leaders of SIC who are quoted in the article. What has each man said about the Taliban and its attempts to conquer Pakistan?
6. What declaration did the Barelvi clerics (who are also the SIC leaders) make at their conference in the Pakistani capital of Lahore this week? – What demand did they make of the government?
7. a) The Barelvi coalition opposes the Taliban. How do they regard the U.S.?
b) What would you say to them in defense of the U.S.?
- The Taliban is an Islamic fundamentalist movement that stated it wanted to “to set up the world’s most pure Islamic state” when it effectively ruled over 90% of Afghanistan from 1996 until 2001.
- The Taliban is currently engaged in a protracted guerilla war against NATO forces within Afghanistan, and also a war in Pakistan with the Pakistani government and military.
- The Taliban implements the “strictest interpretation of Sharia law ever seen in the Muslim world” including the complete ban of education for girls, and is widely criticized internationally for its treatment of women.
TALIBAN’S TREATMENT OF WOMEN:
- While in power in Afghanistan, the Taliban became notorious internationally for their treatment of women. Their stated aim was to create “secure environments where the chasteness and dignity of women may once again be sacrosanct.”
- Women were forced to wear the burqa in public, because, according to a Taliban spokesman, “the face of a woman is a source of corruption” for men not related to them.
- They were not allowed to work.
- They were not allowed to be educated after the age of eight, and until then were permitted only to study the Qur’an.
- Women seeking an education were forced to attend underground schools, where they and their teachers risked execution if caught.
- They were not allowed to be treated by male doctors unless accompanied by a male chaperone, which led to illnesses remaining untreated.
- They faced public flogging and execution for violations of the Taliban’s laws.
- The Taliban allowed and in some cases encouraged marriage for girls under the age of 16. Amnesty International reported that 80 percent of Afghan marriages were considered to be by force.
For pictures and information on the Swat Valley, go to swatvalley.com.
Go to worldatlas.com for a map of Pakistan.
For background information on Pakistan, go to the CIA World FactBook website here.
Read about the Taliban and other terrorist groups in Pakistan at cfr.org/publication/15422.
Read about official U.S. support for the Pakistani government at the State Department website at state.gov/s/ct/rls/crt/2008/122439.htm.
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