(by Carol E. Lee And Jay Solomon, The Wall Street Journal) WASHINGTON — Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, in a highly anticipated speech to Congress he gave on Tuesday, said an emerging diplomatic agreement with Iran would ensure that Tehran eventually acquires a nuclear weapon.
“That deal would not prevent Iran from acquiring nuclear weapons, it would guarantee it – lots of them,” Mr. Netanyahu said. “This is a bad deal. It’s a very bad deal. We’re better off without it.”
Reacting to the prime minister’s speech, a senior Obama administration official complained that he offered no alternative to the present course of the talks. “Where is the alternative? Simply demanding that Iran completely capitulate [give in] is not a plan, nor would any country support us in that position,” the official said. “The prime minister offered no concrete action plan.”
Mr. Netanyahu, drawing frequent applause in the packed House chamber, directly challenged President Barack Obama ’s argument that a diplomatic accord allowing Tehran to retain some nuclear capabilities would be more effective than additional sanctions or military action. He said any agreement that stops short of completely dismantling Tehran’s nuclear program would be ineffective.
He also called on the U.S. to use the nuclear talks as leverage for forcing Iran to change its behavior, such as including provisions that the Iranian regime would stop supporting terrorism and threatening Israel.
Such a move would expand the scope of the international nuclear talks, which Obama administration officials have said repeatedly aren’t aimed at a broader rapprochement* with Iran. [*rapprochement: the development of friendlier relations between countries or groups of people who have been enemies]
“Iran has proven time and again that it cannot be trusted,” Mr. Netanyahu said.
Negotiators in U.S.-led talks with Iran are working toward a breakthrough by the end of March. Iran has said its nuclear program is for peaceful purposes. [No one believes this to be true.]
The White House has said it aims to get the best agreement possible from the talks, and won’t agree to a bad deal.
President Obama said Monday that the U.S. and other world powers negotiating with Iran are working toward a deal that would partially freeze Iran’s nuclear activity for at least 10 years and include measures to verify Tehran’s compliance. The goal, Mr. Obama said, is to ensure that Iran remains a year away from the ability to acquire a nuclear weapon.
Such an agreement “would be far more effective in controlling their nuclear program than any military action we could take, any military action Israel could take and far more effective than sanctions will be,” Mr. Obama said in an interview with Reuters.
“There’s no expert on Iran or nuclear proliferation around the world that seriously thinks that Iran is going to respond to additional sanctions by eliminating its nuclear program,” Mr. Obama said. [The WSJ provides no support for President Obama’s assertion here.]
Mr. Netanyahu’s address, which came three weeks before the next deadline for an Iran deal and two weeks before the Israeli leader is up for re-election, has deeply strained Israel’s relations with the Obama administration. [The media all say the same here, but it has been argued that President Obama and the Prime Minister already had a strained relationship. One example: President Obama refused to meet with Netanyahu during the UN General Assembly meeting.]
It has also has divided Democrats and Republicans over an alliance that has long enjoyed bipartisan support. Democrats and the White House were largely left in the dark as Republican leaders and Mr. Netanyahu’s aides quietly arranged for his speech. [It is thought that Republican Speaker John Boehner skipped this protocol because President Obama had said he would veto new sanctions on Iran. Republicans and some Democrats believe stronger sanctions are working and the best way to force Iran to end its nuclear weapons program is by increasing sanctions.]
The White House said Mr. Obama wouldn’t watch the Israeli leader’s speech, and some 50 Democratic lawmakers boycotted it.
Mr. Netanyahu directly appealed to lawmakers to block the emerging deal. His argument appeared to have some impact. Sen. Dianne Feinstein (D., Calif.) told CNN afterward that a 10-year time frame isn’t long enough and should be extended to 15 or 20 years.
Mr. Obama expressed concern Monday about lawmakers undermining [damaging; weakening] the Iran talks before a deal is completed.
Copyright 2015 Dow Jones & Company, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Reprinted here for educational purposes only. May not be reproduced on other websites without permission from The Wall Street Journal. Visit the website at wsj .com.
NOTE: This is a very important issue for the U.S. Ask a parent to read the article and discuss your answers. Also, consider watching the speech and answering the Challenge questions.
1. In his speech to Congress Tuesday, why did Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu say the deal the Obama administration wants to make with Iran over its nuclear weapons program is a bad deal?
2. a) What argument has President Obama made to support making a deal with the Iranian government?
b) How did Prime Minister Netanyahu counter that argument?
3. What did PM Netanyahu call on the U.S. to do in regard to the nuclear talks with Iran?
4. a) What is President Obama’s goal for the deal he and other world powers are negotiating to partially freeze Iran’s nuclear activity for at least 10 years?
b) What is Prime Minister Netanyahu’s goal for negotiations with Iran?
5. Barack Obama is the President of the United States.
a) Do you think Speaker Boehner was right to breach protocol by not consulting with the White House before extending the invitation to PM Netanyahu?
b) Do you think President Obama was right to say he would not watch Israeli Prime Minister Netanyahu’s speech to Congress?
Explain your answers.
6. A senior Obama administration official complained that Prime Minister Netanyahu offered no alternative to the present course of the talks. “Where is the alternative? Simply demanding that Iran completely capitulate [give in] is not a plan, nor would any country support us in that position,” the official said. “The prime minister offered no concrete action plan.”
a) Prime Minister Netanyahu spent the first 15 minutes of his speech talking about Iran’s support for terrorism throughout the Middle East. Saudi Arabia is the enemy of Iran. Do you think Saudi Arabia and other Arab countries would or would not support the U.S. if President Obama called for Iran to completely capitulate? Explain your answer.
b) Do you think “the prime minister offered no concrete action plan”? Explain your answer.
7. In the comments section of one news site, a reader wrote that he supported Prime Minister Netanyahu: “I think Netanyahu is more qualified to know what to do than Obama.” What do you think of this assertion?
8. Do you think the approximately 50 Democratic lawmakers who boycotted the speech were right to do so? Explain your answer.
CHALLENGE: The media for the most part has portrayed Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu’s speech to Congress as insulting to President Obama and the Democrats in Congress. Watch the Prime Minister’s speech in its entirety at: c-span.org/video/?324609-2/israeli-prime-minister-benjamin-netanyahu-address-congress
Then answer the following questions:
- How did Prime Minister Netanyahu speak about President Obama at the beginning of his speech?
- What did PM Netanyahu say we know for certain about Iran’s nuclear program?
- How did he refute President Obama’s assertion that if the U.S. did not make a deal with Iran then the only other choice is war?
- How did he explain the role/effectiveness of UN nuclear inspectors?
- What did the UN’s IAEA just say about Iran’s nuclear program?
- PM Netanyahu said Iran has proven on more than one occasion that it cannot be trusted. He also said even if Iran keeps the deal they can still obtain nuclear weapons. How does he explain this?
- What supporting facts does he give for saying that Iran has proven it cannot be trusted?
- Netanyahu asked: Would Iran be less aggressive if sanctions were lifted? Ask a parent what he/she thinks and to explain his/her answer.
- He also said that President Obama’s deal with Iran is supposed to prevent nuclear proliferation. Why does he say it will instead spark a nuclear arms race?
- What did the Prime Minister suggest we can insist on?
- What three things did Netanyahu say the U.S. should demand Iran do?
- He also said: If Iran changes its behavior, THEN the restrictions would be lifted, and if Iran wants to be treated like a normal country, let it act like a normal country. Do you agree with these suggestions? Explain your answer.
- PM Netanyahu said, “They (Iran) need the deal a lot more than you do” and urged “maintain the pressure on Iran and those who do business with Iran.” What do you think about this suggestion?
ON URANIUM ENRICHMENT:
Enriched uranium is a critical component for both civil nuclear power generation and military nuclear weapons. The UN’s International Atomic Energy Agency attempts to monitor and control enriched uranium supplies and processes in its efforts to ensure nuclear power generation safety and curb nuclear weapons proliferation (buildup).
IRAN’S NUCLEAR PROGRAM:
- Iran’s 20 year secret nuclear program was discovered in 2002. Iran says its program is for fuel purposes only, but it has been working on uranium enrichment which is used to make nuclear bombs. [NOTE ON URANIUM ENRICHMENT: Enriched uranium is a critical component for both civil nuclear power generation and military nuclear weapons. The International Atomic Energy Agency attempts to monitor and control enriched uranium supplies and processes in its efforts to ensure nuclear power generation safety and curb nuclear weapons proliferation (buildup).]
- Under the United Nations’ NPT (Non Proliferation Treaty) countries are not allowed to make nuclear weapons (except for the 5 that had nuclear weapons prior to the treaty – the U.S., Russia, China, France, the United Kingdom).
- Safeguards are used to verify compliance with the Treaty through inspections conducted by the UN’s nuclear watchdog, the IAEA (International Atomic Energy Agency).
- The IAEA has consistently stated it is unable to conclude that Iran’s nuclear program is entirely peaceful.
- The IAEA issued a report on Sept. 15, 2008 that said Iran has repeatedly blocked an investigation into its nuclear program and the probe is now deadlocked.
- The U.N. Security Council has already imposed four sets of sanctions on Iran over its nuclear defiance. Despite the sanctions, Iran has refused to end its nuclear program.
- A group of U.S. and Russian scientists said in a report issued in May 2009 that Iran could produce a simple nuclear device in one to three years and a nuclear warhead in another five years after that. The study, published by the nonpartisan EastWest Institute, also said Iran is making advances in rocket technology and could develop a ballistic missile capable of firing a 2,200-pound nuclear warhead up to 1,200 miles “in perhaps six to eight years.”
- The Iranian government has called for the destruction of Israel on numerous occasions. It is believed that once obtained, Iranian President Ahmadinejad would use nuclear weapons against Israel.
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