DIRECTIONS:  For the bolded part of each statement, circle the correct answer. (10 points each)

1. Following the 15th commemoration of 9/11, there has been much attention paid to security in the years since. The one major gap in the U.S.’s security framework is the ability for people to enter the country on short-term tourist or business visas without ever leaving. High on its list for preventing another terrorist attack, the 9/11 Commission recommended closing the so-called visa “loophole” / “black hole”

2. In 2004, Congress passed a law requiring the implementation of a biometric / biographic entry-exit system to help keep better track of overstayers. No such system is currently in place.

3. Last week, thirty-seven members of Congress signed a letter to House GOP leaders urging them to insert language into the spending bill that would freeze Middle East refugee resettlement programs until better vetting processes / accommodations for the refugees are “put in place.”

4. For the invitation / moratorium on these refugees to be lifted, they say federal agencies should first implement procedures that ensure refugee and related programs “are not able to be co-opted by would-be terrorists.” They also requested that the government implement a “longer-term monitoring process” for refugees admitted to the U.S.

5. Obama administration officials this week said that the auto industry / federal government, rather than states, should be in charge of regulating self-driving cars as they laid out the outlines of their plans to help get the technology safely onto the nation’s roadways.

6. Transportation Secretary Anthony Fox said automakers should comply with the recommended mandatory / voluntary guidelines as a way to gain the confidence of both regulators and the public: “It’s in their vested interest to go through the rigors that we’re laying out here,” he said.

7. In 2013, National Security Agency contract employee Edward Snowden stole more than a million classified documents and leaked them to journalists who revealed a massive federal government surveillance program that collected the telephone metadata records of millions of Americans and examined emails from overseas. Snowden is currently living in Russia to avoid prosecution. A day before the release of the movie “Snowden,” a House Intelligence Committee report / Human Rights Watch report concluded: American intelligence officials still don’t know the full extent of the harm. Some of the damage may not be known for years. The government eventually will spend billions to clean up the mess and “mitigate the damage” Snowden caused.

8. Director of the CIA / Director of National Intelligence James Clapper said this week that he is is opposed to a pardon for Snowden, saying, “he exposed so much else that had absolutely nothing to do with domestic surveillance, where he has damaged our capability against foreign threats and he has taken away capabilities that were used to protect our troops in Afghanistan. There is no incentive for the government for any kind of negotiated plea agreement.”

9. The first presidential debate is on Monday and will be carried by all of the broadcast networks, the cable news networks, C-SPAN, Univision, PBS and a number of streaming options. All the major news networks will offer a free live stream as will YouTube and Twitter. According to experts interviewed by The Hill news, viewers could exceed 100 million / 100 billion people.

10. Members of the sports media interviewed believe ‘UFC Fight Night’ / ‘Monday Night Football’ will make it impossible for Trump and Clinton to get the record number of viewers that experts predict.

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