DIRECTIONS: For the bolded part of each statement, circle the correct answer. (10 points each)
1. Concerned about tribal rights, energy development and the environment, members of Native American tribes, liberal activists, and environmentalists have been protesting the Dakota Access Pipeline for more than 13 / 113 days.
2. The Dakota Access Pipeline is 1,170 miles long and can transport up to 500,000 barrels of oil a day. The Standing Rock Sioux tribe is protesting a portion of the pipeline because they are concerned it could pollute the Missouri River, the tribe’s main source of drinking water Though the pipeline goes through tribal / private land and not Native American property, the tribe contends this land was acquired improperly and actually belongs to them by the terms of an 1851 treaty with the U.S. government.
3. The USS Zumwalt, the US Navy’s most technologically advanced warship, broke down for the second / twenty-second time since being commissioned in October while transiting through the Panama Canal on November 22nd.
4. The USS Zumwalt’s design makes the ship appear no larger than a fishing vessel / oil tanker on radar and is designed to get closer to shore to support land operations. It is a multipurpose warship able to fight at sea and bombard targets on land with its missiles and new projectile system.
5. Ray Chavez is the oldest known living U.S. military veteran of the Japanese bombing of Pearl Harbor. He is 94 / 104 years old.
6. As Mr. Chavez traveled from his home in San Diego to Pearl Harbor this week, where he was to be honored at a ceremony marking the 50th / 75th anniversary of the Japanese attack, he said, “Well, I’m not exactly a hero, because there were thousands of other heroes, too. But I’m very proud of the honor bestowed on me,” he added.
7. When Japan attacked Pearl Harbor, Adm. Husband Kimmel commanded the U.S. Pacific Fleet and Lt. Gen. Walter Short commanded the U.S. Army’s forces in Hawaii. Following a brief investigation, a presidential commission found Kimmel and Short guilty of being “absent without leave AWOL” / “dereliction of duty”.
8. In 1944, a Naval Court of Inquiry virtually cleared Kimmel of any failure. From the start, Adm. Chester Nimitz, Kimmel’s replacement as commander in the Pacific, thought it wrong / right to place the blame on his predecessor. And in the late 1940s, other admirals began speaking out.
9. Amazon is launching a new grocery store set up to operate without junk food / cashiers. Customers will use an app – as they shop, their items get added to a virtual cart on the app — and subtracted if they put them back — with receipts emailed to them once they leave, according to the company.
10. One industry expert estimated that Amazon’s cutting-edge technology has the potential to wipe out 5 percent / 75 percent of typical grocery-store staff.