1. Which two comic devices does the cartoonist use to make his point? Explain your answer.
Scroll down to the bottom of the page for the answers.
1. d) irony – when the opposite of what you expect to happen occurs. The man is unemployed; he needs a job. The unemployment office, instead of hiring people who need work, is staffed by robots, thereby putting more people out of work.
c) personification, which is a figure of speech in which human characteristics are attributed to an abstract quality, animal, or inanimate object. The robot acts just like a human; he says exactly what a human worker would say.
The cartoonist did not use:
a) pun, which is a “play on words” – a type of humor using a word or phrase that has two meanings
b) parody – known by also as a spin-off or spoof, a parody is an imitation of another’s work, usually in a humorous way to poke fun at the original work. Usually, for a better effect, a parody makes fun of a famous or well-known piece of work, so the audience has a better chance of recognizing the original.
e) caricature: A description or characterization that exaggerates or distorts a character’s prominent features, usually for purposes of mockery. For example, a cartoon of a gaunt Abraham Lincoln with a giant top hat, a very scraggly beard, and sunken eyes could be considered a caricature.