(by Lisa Rathke, YahooNews.com) AP, WHITE RIVER JUNCTION, Vt. – Kamy Mayott has been told that texting while driving is dangerous. But the 15-year-old didn’t know just how dangerous until she navigated a golf cart through an obstacle course while texting and took out a whole row of orange cones.
“It definitely taught me to be careful and not to text while driving because I’m going to kill somebody,” Mayott said.
So far 25 states have banned texting while driving, but many are going a step further, sending kids through similar courses, so they can see the errors, accidents and fatalities they could cause. Officials hope the reality will alleviate the temptation to send an electronic message to a friend while behind the wheel.
“It’s pretty eye opening for the kids,” said David Teater, senior director of transportation initiatives for the National Safety Council in Itasca, Ill. “They’re very unsuccessful at texting and navigating the cones.”
The NSC estimates that 28 percent of crashes – or 1.6 million per year – are caused by cell phone use, either talking or texting.
Drivers who use cell phones are four times more likely to be in a crash, while drivers who text increase that risk to 8 to 23 times, the NRC said.
People shouldn’t be messing with cell phones when they’re trying to drive,” said Drew Bloom, captain of the Vermont Department of Motor Vehicle enforcement, who brought the obstacle course idea to Vermont after hearing about it in North Carolina. “We’re finding a 400 percent average increase in driving errors. … So when you have a 400 percent increase in amount of mistakes you’re making and your reaction time slows dramatically, the proof is in data.”
The teens drive through the course once, and then a second time while texting to a friend on the side lines. It gives them hands-on experience that authorities hope will sink in.
“If we can reach one teen out of five teens who won’t text and drive then they could possibly save their life in the future,” said Sgt. Jeff Gordon, public information office for the Highway Patrol in North Carolina, which has seen a rise in teen fatalities.
Motor vehicle departments and driver’s education courses around the country hope to plant the no texting message early, while teens are just learning the rules of the road.
“This age group from 15 to 20 represents about 15 percent of licensed drivers in Vermont yet they’re involved in almost 30 percent of the crashes. So they’re prone to crashing anyway. If you add texting and electronic devices and those sorts of things then the probability goes up dramatically,” said Skip Allen, executive director of the Youth Safety Council in Vermont, which passed a law this month banning texting while driving.
The Turn Off Texting campaign brought the golf cart event to five schools in Vermont this spring, and plans to get to three more before the end of the school year.
Many teen drivers, who must be accompanied by a parent in the car until they get their licenses, already are prohibited from texting.
“It’s a big no, no,” said Corissa Peterson, 16, of Hartford. “I put my phone on silent and put it in my step dad’s pocket.”
Trever Nadeau, 16, of Sharon, sometimes brings his cell phone with him but doesn’t answer.
After running through the obstacle course, he said he won’t text.
“I did horrible. I got like one mistake the first time, eleven the second,” Nadeau said.
Hannah Chambers, 16, already knew something about the dangers of texting while driving. Her older cousin went off the road and hit a tree while texting.
But the 16-year-old was still surprised at how hard it was to text and navigate through the tight turns, and stop signs.
If she’s in a car with a driver who texts, she tells them to pull over or hand the phone to her to send the message.
“The driver needs to pay attention to the road not their cell phone,” she said.
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1. What percent of crashes are caused by cell phone use (either talking or texting) each year in the U.S.?
2. By how much does the likelihood of getting in an accident increase while using a cell phone as compared to texting while driving?
3. By what percentage do driving errors increase while using cell phones, according to Drew Bloom, Captain of the Vermont Department of Motor Vehicle enforcement?
4. a) What percent of licensed drivers in Vermont are between the ages of 15 to 20?
b) What percent of car crashes in Vermont involve 15-20 year olds?
c) Why do you think these numbers are so disproportionate?
5. a) How many states currently have laws against texting while driving?
b) If Vermont has a law against texting while driving, why do you think the state finds it necessary to run the “Turn Off Texting” campaign?
6. Watch a news video on the Turn Off Texting campaign under “Resources” below. How effective do you think this type of program will be? Explain your answer.