(Trevor Hunnicutt, Reuters) LOS ANGELES – A resurgent Joe Biden rolled to victories across the South, Midwest and New England on the biggest day of voting in the U.S. Democratic presidential nomination campaign, setting up a one-on-one battle against Bernie Sanders, who led in California.
Biden, the former vice president whose campaign was on life support just weeks ago, won [ten] of 14 states voting on “Super Tuesday,” including surprise wins in Texas and Massachusetts, in the race to face President Donald Trump in November.
Just days after his campaign was resurrected by a thumping win in South Carolina, Biden, 77, emerged as a consensus champion for the moderate wing of the party against Sanders, 78, a left-wing socialist senator with strong support among the youth.
“For those who have been knocked down, counted out, left behind, this is your campaign,” Biden told roaring supporters in Los Angeles. “We are very much alive!”
In what would be the day’s biggest upset, Biden was projected by Edison Research to have won Texas, the biggest prize after California. Sanders invested heavily in Texas and was counting on its Latino population to propel him to victory.
Sanders, the one-time front-runner who had hoped to take a big step toward the nomination on Tuesday, won Colorado, Utah and his home state of Vermont, Edison Research said.
Biden, with overwhelming support from African-American, moderate and older voters, swept to wins in Alabama, Arkansas, Massachusetts, Minnesota, North Carolina, Oklahoma, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia [and narrowly won Maine with 34.1% to 32.9% for Sanders].
Sanders won California [as of 6p.m. March 4, 79% reporting] with 33.6% of the votes which gave him 155 delegates; Biden won 24.9% of the votes, receiving 93 of the delegates. In California, Bloomberg won 14 delegates and Elizabeth Warren, 9].
Without naming him, Sanders took direct aim at Biden during a rally with supporters in Vermont, criticizing his 2002 vote to authorize war in Iraq and his support for global trade deals that Sanders opposed.
“We’re going to win the Democratic nomination and we are going to defeat the most dangerous president in the history of this country,” Sanders said, referring to Trump.
But Biden’s blowout win in South Carolina on Saturday provided a burst of new momentum, fueling a wave of endorsements from Democratic officials. Two big rivals – Pete Buttigieg, a former mayor of South Bend, Indiana, and U.S. Senator Amy Klobuchar of Minnesota – quit the race and backed him.
The results left Michael Bloomberg, the billionaire former New York mayor who plunged into the contest late, with virtually nothing to show for more than half a billion dollars [of his own money] spent on advertising. With his only victory coming in the tiny U.S. territory of American Samoa [where he won 49.9% of the vote to Tulsi Gabbard’s 29.9%], aides said he would reassess whether to stay in the race on Wednesday. [He won 44 delegates overall – only 4 in Texas. Later in the morning, Bloomberg announced he was dropping out of the race and endorsing Joe Biden].
It was also a tough night for Senator Elizabeth Warren, who finished well behind Sanders and Biden in most states and trailed them in her home state Massachusetts, which Biden won despite having spent no money and deployed no staff there.
Biden did not personally campaign in several of the states he ultimately won, including Klobuchar’s home state Minnesota. He called Klobuchar Tuesday night to thank her for the Minnesota win, a day after she dropped her own bid and endorsed him.
More than one-third of the delegates who will pick the eventual nominee at a July convention were up for grabs on Tuesday, providing clarity at last in a muddled race for the White House.
Just a week ago, Biden was hoping to stay within reach of Sanders, to keep alive a chance to catch up as the race moved on. But initial tallies showed him leading Sanders in delegates for the day 332 to 265, with hundreds more to be allocated.
To date, Biden leads Sanders in delegates 385 to 325. A candidate needs 1,991 delegates to win the Democratic nomination on the first ballot at the party’s convention in July.
The campaign continues at an accelerated pace through the next two weeks, when nearly another 1,000 delegates are up for grabs, including the swing state of Florida on March 17.
Biden also achieved his main Super Tuesday goal of muscling aside Bloomberg and consolidating support from moderates.
Bloomberg bombarded Super Tuesday states with ads to jump into position as a top moderate rival to Sanders, but saw his poll numbers slide after coming under fire during debates. He was on course to win 15% or more of the vote, the threshold to win delegates, in Tennessee, Texas, Colorado, Utah, California and Arkansas.
Biden is hoping to build a bridge between progressive Democrats’ desire for big structural change and more moderate Democrats’ yearning for a candidate who will be able to win over enough independents and Republicans to oust Trump.
In Texas, which Biden unexpectedly won with 33% of the vote compared to Sanders’ 30%, 56% of voters said they favored a candidate who could beat Trump over someone they agreed with on major issues. Among those voters, nearly 40% chose Biden, over Sanders who had 26%, according to Edison Research exit polls.
Biden pulled off his victories despite being vastly outspent by Bloomberg, who had spent $377 million on ads by Feb. 23, and Sanders, who spent $20 million. Biden spent $4.7 million during the same period, according to the Wesleyan Media Project.
The pace of the Democratic race begins to accelerate after Super Tuesday, with 11 more states voting by the end of March, when nearly two-thirds of the delegates will have been allotted.
The next contests, on March 10, will be in Idaho, Michigan, Mississippi, Missouri, North Dakota and Washington state. [The next Democratic debate takes place on March 15, followed by primary elections in Florida, Illinois, Ohio and Arizona on March 17].
Reporting by Trevor Hunnicutt in Los Angeles and John Whitesides in Washington, additional reporting by Jarrett Renshaw, Ginger Gibson, Doina Chiacu, Sharon Bernstein and Zachary Fagenson; Writing by John Whitesides; Editing by Soyoung Kim, Howard Goller and Peter Graff
Published by Reuters .com on March 4, 2020. Reprinted here for educational purposes only. May not be reproduced on other websites without permission from Thompson Reuters.
1. List the Democratic presidential candidates who were still in the race on Super Tuesday.
2. a) How many of the Super Tuesday states did Joe Biden win? List these states.
b) List the states Bernie Sanders won.
3. a) What is significant about Vice President Biden’s win in Texas?
b) What is significant about Biden’s victories overall? Be specific.
4. a) How much money did billionaire Mike Bloomberg spend on the race?
b) What was the outcome for Bloomberg?
5. a) How did Sen. Elizabeth Warren do?
b) Recognizing they had no chance of winning the nomination, Pete Buttigieg and Amy Klobuchar dropped out the day before Super Tuesday and endorsed VP Biden, which likely caused most of their supporters to vote for Biden. Do you think Sen. Warren should drop out now and endorse Bernie Sanders, as they share most of the same progressive/socialist policies (so that he would receive more votes [from her supporters] in upcoming primaries to help him beat Biden)? Explain your answer.
6. What is Vice President Biden’s strategy with his campaign?
7. What is the date of the next primary races? – In what states will they occur?
8. California’s month of early voting gave votes to several candidates who then dropped out before Super Tuesday.
These voters most likely would have given their votes to Biden (Buttegieg and Klobechar) or Bernie (Elizabeth Warren, who has no chance)
a) Do you think states should eliminate early voting for primaries as a way to ensure your vote counts toward a candidate who is still in the race?
b) Ask a parent what he/she thinks of early voting in general, and if favorable, how far ahead of election day should people be able to vote?
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