(by Betsy Pisik, WashingtonTimes.com) – UNITED NATIONS – U.N. peacekeepers are spread too thinly through eastern Congo to protect civilians or quell the fighting between rebel and government forces, U.N. officials warned Thursday.
The assessment came while thousands of Congolese took advantage of a
fragile day-old cease-fire to flee the regional capital of Goma in
The U.N. Mission in the Democratic Republic of Congo, or MONUC, is
the largest U.N. peacekeeping mission, with more than 17,000 troops
posted at duty stations throughout the vast jungle-carpeted country.
“We are looking at a MONUC at the absolute limit of its capacity,”
said U.N. spokesman Kevin Kennedy. “It cannot be everywhere. It cannot
respond to every incident.”
Nine civilians were killed Wednesday evening by drunken soldiers —
described by locals as wearing army uniforms while looting in Goma,
U.N. radio reported.
In addition, tens of thousands of people were fleeing the city
Thursday, clogging roads and making it difficult for U.N. soldiers to
move around. Fighting also limited the presence of relief groups,
contributing to the humanitarian crisis.
“We want peace for people in the region,” rebel leader Laurent
Nkunda told the Associated Press by telephone after halting his advance
on Goma and calling the cease-fire.
Mr. Nkunda began his insurgency three years ago, charging that
ethnic Tutsis were excluded during Congo’s transition to democracy. He
resumed fighting in August in defiance of a U.N.-brokered truce and his
troops this week drove to the outskirts of Goma.
Frustration with the limits of the U.N. forces has led to popular
demonstrations against the peacekeepers, one of whom was seriously
Mr. Kennedy acknowledged Thursday that MONUC was unable to meet the “very high expectations” of the Congolese people.
“There have been a number of instances where the perception of the
population is that MONUC had not done enough” to counter rebels or
government offensives and “consequently MONUC was seen as the one at
The senior U.N. official in Kinshasa, Alan Doss, asked the Security
Council earlier this month to temporarily authorize at least two more
battalions, two more police units, two companies of special forces as
well as air, engineering and intelligence gathering assets for the Goma
Combatants have changed over the years and so have their targets.
Many continue to fight along Hutu and Tutsi ethnic lines, an extension
of hostilities that erupted into the Rwanda genocide of 1996. Other
groups are warring over access to precious minerals and timber.
Mr. Nkunda is often accused of being tied to the Tutsi-led Rwandan government.
But U.S. Assistant Secretary of State for African Affairs Jendayi
Frazer, who arrived in the Congolese capital Thursday, has said there
is no evidence that Mr. Nkunda’s forces are backed by Rwanda.
Ms. Frazer is to meet with Congolese President Joseph Kabila and Mr.
Doss, among others, to try to restart the political process that halted
fighting in the past, the State Department said Thursday, offering few
details because the situation is so “fluid.”
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1. a) List the countries that border the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC).
b) Name the president and capital of the DRC.
2. What are the problems with the U.N.’s peacekeeping force in the DRC?
3. How many troops does the U.N. Peacekeeping mission (MONUC) have in the DRC?
4. a) Who is Laurent Nkunda?
b) Why did he begin his insurgency three years ago?
5. Why are DRC citizens demonstrating against U.N. peacekeepers?
6. What did Alan Doss, the senior U.N. official in the DRC, ask the U.N. Security Council to do earlier this month?
7. How have the combatants fighting in the DRC changed over the years?
NOTE: This sounds complicated, but if you read through it a few times, it makes sense:
The Democratic Republic of the Congo
(from the CIA World FactBook)
(from the U.S. State Department website):
Visit the U.N.’s MONUC website for current information on DRC.
Go to worldatlas.com for a map of Africa. (Click on DRC for a more detailed map.)