World #3 – Chile declines to sign U.N. pact, says migration not a human right

Tuesday's World Events - December 11, 2018

Questions

1. For CHILE, give the following information:

  1. capital
  2. location/the countries that share its borders
  3. the religious breakdown of the population
  4. the type of government
  5. the chief of state (and head of government if different) If monarch or dictator, since what date has he/she ruled? – include name of heir apparent for monarch
  6. the population

Find the answers at the CIA World FactBook website. For each country, answers can be found under the “Geography” “People” and “Government” headings.

NOTE: Before answering the following questions below, read the info under “Background” below.

2. For CHILE:
a) list the who, what, where and when of the news item
b) Why does the government oppose the pact?
c) President Pinera, from a center-right party, was elected in March. His predecessor was a socialist and the president prior to that was from a left of center party.
What promise did Mr. Pinera make to voters when campaigning?
What steps has he taken to fulfill his promise?
d) Re-read the last paragraph. Amnesty’s Chile director says Pinera’s position is “a step back on Chile’s promise of affording rights to migrants.”
Why is this an inaccurate assertion?
e) Read the “Background” below the questions. Many of the leaders who opted out of the UN’s compact, including President Trump, were elected on the promise of protecting the country’s borders and preventing illegal immigration. Most media reports portray the beliefs that it is important to protect borders and enforce immigration laws as being “anti-immigrant,” “xenophobic” and/or “racist.” Every UN member country agreed to the Global Compact on Migration when negotiated in 2016. President Trump declined to sign after taking office in 2017. At least 15 other countries, many with new center-right or conservative leaders have done the same.
What shared reason do they have for opposing the UN pact?

CHALLENGE: Read “Democratic Countries Should Back out of the UN Global Compact” and "More UN Chicanery."
What surprises you most about these commentaries? List 2-3 things you learned about the Global Compact that you have not seen in the news.