Oldest U.S. survivor of Pearl Harbor dies at 106

Daily News Article - December 6, 2018


1. The first paragraph of a news article should answer the questions who, what, where and when. List the who, what, where and when of this news item. (NOTE: The remainder of a news article provides details on the why and/or how.)

2. a) How long did Ray Chavez spend at the port after the attack? - What did he do there?
b) What did Mr. Chavez do for the remainder of the war?

3. Answer the following questions about Pearl Harbor from the information under "Background" below the questions:
a) How many U.S. battleships were at Pearl Harbor when the Japanese attacked?
b) How many of these battleships were sunk?
c) How many other vessels were sunk or damaged?
d) How many U.S. aircraft were destroyed?
e) How many aircraft carriers were destroyed or damaged? Why is this so?
f) How many American military personnel were killed? – How many were wounded?
g) Who was president when Pearl Harbor was attacked? How did he refer to the attack on Pearl Harbor when requesting Congress to declare war the next day?

4. Today’s Daily News Article is a human interest news story. Human interest stories differ from the regular news – they are sometimes referred to as “the story behind the story.“ The major news articles of the day tell of important happenings. Human interest stories tell of how those happenings have impacted the people or places around the story.
Seventy-seven years after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, why is this human interest story newsworthy?

5. What 2 adjectives do you think best describe Ray Chavez? Explain your answer.

6. What inspires you most about Mr. Chavez?

CHALLENGE: Ask a grandparent to describe what he/she learned about Pearl Harbor in elementary school. How does this compare to what you learned?