NJ Cuban-Americans Speak Out Against Obama Visit

Daily News Article   —   Posted on February 22, 2016

NOTE to students:  Before reading the article, read the “Background” and “Resources” below the questions.

(by Alyana Alfaro, PolitickerNJ.com) – On Thursday, President Barack Obama officially announced on Twitter that he would embark on a historic trip to Cuba. While Obama said that his visit will advance the United States’s “progress and efforts that can improve the lives of the Cuban people” many of New Jersey’s Cuban-Americans (from both political parties) are taking the opposing stance.

U.S. Senator Bob Menendez, a Democrat born in New Jersey to Cuban immigrants, has been a vocal critic of Obama’s efforts to thaw relations with the island nation. Following Obama’s announcement, Menendez released a statement calling the March visit “totally unacceptable.”

In his statement, Menendez said that Obama will come to “rue this decision” to visit Cuba. He explained:

“Since Castro seized power, nine American Presidents – Kennedy, Johnson, Nixon, Ford, Carter, Reagan, George H.W. Bush, Clinton, and George W. Bush – did not rush to the island to shake hands with an oppressive dictator,” Menendez said in the statement. “They instead stood firmly against a regime that represses its people’s freedoms and blatantly violates human rights just 90 miles from our shore. The President is – again – prioritizing short-term economic interests over long-term and enduring American values.”

U.S. Representative Albio Sires (a Democrat from NJ’s 8th district) was born in Cuba and immigrated to New Jersey as a child. Like Menendez, he believes that the decision by the President to go to Cuba is a mistake. The two men held a press conference on Thursday in Union City, one of New Jersey’s most Cuban-American municipalities, with former Cuban political prisoners to stand against Obama’s decision. Rep. Sires wrote:

“The President’s announcement this morning that he will travel to Cuba next month is extremely troubling and represents yet another concession to the Castro brothers while the Cuban people continue to languish without access to basic freedoms. This trip sets a dangerous precedent for U.S. presidents visiting dictators in Latin America and is another step towards legitimizing a dictatorial regime that thrives on the backs of innocent Cuban people,” said Sires in a statement.

Sires also called on the president to remember that he had “previously stated that he would only travel to Cuba if he can meet with pro-democracy dissidents there.” Sires said the president must stand by that statement and call on the Cuban government to extradite Joanne Chesimard, who murdered New Jersey State Trooper Werner Foerster in 1973 “and still roams freely in Cuba.” [Chesimard escaped from prison in 1979 and fled to Cuba in 1984 after living as a fugitive for a few years, and received political asylum from the Castro regime.]

Another Cuban-American Democrat from New Jersey who opposes the visit is Rafael Fajardo, formerly of the Elizabeth School Board.

“The people of Cuba have no freedom of speech,” Fajardo told PolitickerNJ. “The people of Cuba have no freedom to elect their own representatives. [Obama] is going there to embrace tyranny and, as a Democrat, I am very disappointed he is doing that.”

Fajardo likened the opening of relations with Cuba to how the Unites States reacted to South African during the time of apartheid.

“If it was okay to totally isolate South Africa for how they behaved against the people of South Africa until the war broke the tyranny of the South African government, how come we cannot do this for the people of Cuba?” Fajardo said. “It is a very sad day, the day he steps off the plane and embraces two brothers that have been in power for 50-some years and have been responsible for the deaths of thousands upon thousands of people. This is a very sad situation for the Cuban Americans who live in the United States of America that this kind of attitude is embraced by our president.”

It is not only Cuban-American Democrats in New Jersey that are against the visit, however. NJ’s Hudson County Republican Chairman, Cuban-American Jose Arango also believes that the visit will “consolidate the longest dictatorship in Latin America.”

“Cuba is still a dictatorship where the people of Cuba are basically slaves of the government,” Arango said. “One of the reasons why I can’t be a Democrat is because [the Democrats] betrayed us [the Cuban people] in Bay of Pigs. They betrayed us with Elian Gonzalez. Now, they betray us with this relationship with Cuba.” …

Not all of New Jersey’s lawmakers agree that the move by Obama to visit Cuba is a bad decision, however. New Jersey Assemblyman Reed Gusciora (a Democrat from NJ’s 15th district) recently traveled to Cuba on an unauthorized legislative trip made by ten New Jersey Assemblypeople. According to Gusciora [who is not of Cuban descent], opposition to the president’s trip mainly comes due to a lack of firsthand experience with the situation on the ground there.

“I would argue that Menendez should go down there,” Gusciora  told PolitickerNJ. “They state that they know what it is all about but they haven’t been there. At least I have sat across the table from Cuban officials. At least I have asked for the return of Joanne Chesimard. I think that it really benefits us to open the doors instead of pursue this failed policy. We are friends with China, we are friends with Vietnam, we are friends with Saudi Arabia. It just makes no sense to continue to shut out people that are 90 miles away.” …

According to NJ State Senator Ray Lesniak (a Democrat from NJ’s 20th district), time will tell if the decision made by President Obama, and the decision of Pope Francis to visit Cuba this week, will be beneficial.

“I am not going to second-guess the president on this one, nor would I second-guess the Pope,” Lesniak said. “I think, hopefully, with the Pope and a President visiting, we will see the changes that Senator Menendez and Congressman Sires want for the people of Cuba, but we will just have to wait and see. So far we haven’t seen much progress. I just hope for the people of Cuba who have suffered so much there will be a lot more than what we are seeing today.”

President Obama’s visit to Cuba is scheduled for March 21-22. He is expected to meet with Cuba’s Raul Castro before departing for Argentina. Obama will be the first American president to visit Cuba since Calvin Coolidge in 1928. [Cuban leader Fidel Castro (1926-) established the first communist state in the Western Hemisphere after leading an overthrow of the military dictatorship of Fulgencio Batista in 1959. He ruled over Cuba for nearly five decades, until handing off power to his younger brother Raúl in 2008.]

Reprinted here for educational purposes only from PolitickerNJ, which delivers political news that matters to New Jersey. May not be reproduced on other websites without permission from PolitickerNJ .com. 


Questions

1. The first paragraph of a news article should answer the questions who, what, where and when. List the who, what, where and when of this news item. (NOTE: The remainder of a news article provides details on the why and/or how.)

2. List the NJ lawmakers opposed to President Obama’s visit. For each, explain the reasons for their opposition. (What did each say?) Be specific.

3. Who joined NJ Rep. Sires and Senator Menendez in the press conference they held to publicly oppose President Obama’s trip to Cuba?

4. What is Representative Sires calling on President Obama to do?

5. Democratic state Assemblyman Reed Gusciora recently traveled to Cuba on an unauthorized legislative trip made by ten New Jersey Assemblypeople. According to Gusciora [who is not of Cuban descent], opposition to the president’s trip mainly comes due to a lack of firsthand experience with the situation on the ground there. He said:

“I would argue that Menendez should go down there. They state that they know what it is all about but they haven’t been there. At least I have sat across the table from Cuban officials. At least I have asked for the return of (cop killer) Joanne Chesimard. I think that it really benefits us to open the doors instead of pursue this failed policy. We are friends with China, we are friends with Vietnam, we are friends with Saudi Arabia. It just makes no sense to continue to shut out people that are 90 miles away.”

a) Do you think President Obama’s trip to Cuba will cause the Castro brothers’ Communist regime to give freedom to the Cuban people, to free all political prisoners, to extradite Joanne Chesimard? Explain your answer.
b) Ask a parent the same question.


Background

The Communist government of Cuba: