Chinese flock to USA to give birth to U.S. citizens

Daily News Article - April 2, 2015

Questions

1. The first paragraph of a news article should answer the questions who, what, where and when. List the who, what, where and when of this news item. (NOTE: The remainder of a news article provides details on the why and/or how.)

2. a) Approximately how many Chinese citizens each year travel to the U.S. so their babies will be born American citizens?
b) Approximately how much does this cost a Chinese couple?

3. a) For what legitimate reasons can a non-citizen travel to the U.S. to give birth?
b) What must these pregnant women do to obtain the B-2 tourism visa?

4. a) What action has the U.S. State Department taken to prevent “birth tourism”?
b) What does U.S. immigration lawyer Gary Chodorow say the U.S. Embassy should do through their website?

5. Why do people do this? What are some of the reasons they would like to live in the U.S.?

6. Many of the people who go to the U.S. to give birth are having a second child, which violates China’s law that couples are only permitted to have one child. Why don’t Chinese authorities punish these mothers when they return to China?

7. The rule of law is the legal principle that law should govern a nation, as opposed to arbitrary decisions by individual government officials. All government officers of the United States, including the President, the Justices of the Supreme Court, state judges and legislators, and all members of Congress, pledge first and foremost to uphold the Constitution. These oaths affirm that the rule of law is superior to the rule of any human leader.
a) Considering the fact that the U.S. is governed by the rule of law, what obligation do you think the President and/or Congress has to address the issue of “birth tourism”?
b) The State department says there is no law barring foreigners from traveling to the U.S. for the purpose of giving birth. Should there be? or, if a non-citizen wants to come for better medical care, should it be with the stipulation that their baby will not automatically be given American citizenship?
c) What type of law, if any, should there be to address this practice?
d) The reporter writes, “The raids (in California) did not prompt crackdowns on the business in China.” Do you think President Obama should call Chinese President Xi Jinping and ask him to close down these businesses in China?