- If possible, print the article before reading.
- As you read, circle or underline the names of people, organizations and important facts.
- Use your own words to answer the questions in complete sentences.
(By Stephanie Simon, Reuters/Yahoo News) – … Starting this fall, thousands of [low-income] and middle-class kids will get vouchers covering the full cost of tuition at more than 120 private schools across Louisiana, including small, Bible-based church schools.
The following year, students of any income will be eligible for mini-vouchers that they can use to pay a range of private-sector vendors for classes and apprenticeships not offered in traditional public schools. The money can go to industry trade groups, businesses, online schools and tutors, among others.
Every time a student receives a voucher of either type, his local public school will lose [the] state funding [they receive for that student].
“We are changing the way we deliver education,” said Governor Bobby Jindal, a Republican who [was able to get] the plan through the legislature this spring over fierce objections from Democrats and teachers unions. “We are letting parents decide what’s best for their children, not government.”
The concept of opening public schools to competition from the private sector has been widely promoted in recent years by … education reform groups.
Of the plans so far put forward, Louisiana’s plan is by far the broadest. This month, eligible families, including those with incomes nearing $60,000 a year, are submitting applications for vouchers to state-approved private schools [which includes religious schools].
The U.S. Supreme Court ruled [in 2002] that vouchers can be used for religious education so long as the state is not promoting any one faith but letting parents choose where to enroll their children.
In Louisiana, Superintendent of Education John White said state officials have at one time or another visited all 120 schools in the voucher program and approved their curricula, including specific texts. He said the state plans more “due diligence” over the summer, including additional site visits to assess capacity.
In general, White said he will leave it to principals to be sure their curriculum covers all subjects kids need and leave it to parents to judge the quality of each private school on the list.
That infuriates the teachers union, which is weighing a lawsuit accusing the state of improperly diverting funds from public schools to private programs of questionable value.
“Because it’s private, it’s considered to be inherently better,” said Steve Monaghan, president of the Louisiana Federation of Teachers [the state teachers' union]. “From a consumer perspective, it’s buyer beware.”
To date, private schools have not had to give their students state standardized tests. … Starting next year, any student on a voucher will have to take the tests; each private school must report individual results to parents and aggregate results to the state.
The…bill setting up the voucher program does not outline any consequences for private schools that get poor test scores. Instead, it requires the superintendent of schools to come up with an “accountability system” by August 1. Once he does, the system cannot be altered except by legislative vote.
White would not say whether he is prepared to pull vouchers from private schools that do poorly on tests. He pointed out that many kids applying for vouchers are now enrolled in dismal public schools where two-thirds of the students can’t read or do math at grade level and half will drop out before they graduate high school. Given that track record, he argues it’s worth sending a portion of the roughly $3.5 billion a year the state spends on education to private schools that may have developed different ways to reach kids.
“To me, it’s a moral outrage that the government would say, ‘We know what’s best for your child,’” White said. “Who are we to tell parents we know better?”
That message resonates with Terrica Dotson, whose 12-year-old son, Tyler, attends public school in Baton Rouge. He makes the honor roll, but his mom says he isn’t challenged in math and science. This week she was out visiting private schools. “I want him to have the education he needs,” she said.
The state has run a pilot voucher program for several years in New Orleans and is pleased with the results. The proportion of kids scoring at or above grade level jumped 7 percentage points among voucher students this year, far outpacing the citywide rise of 3 percentage points, state officials said. …
In Louisiana the vouchers are available to any low- to middle-income student who now attends a public school where at least 25 percent of students test below grade level.
Households qualify with annual income up to 250 percent of the poverty line, or $57,625 for a family of four.
Statewide, 380,000 kids, more than half the total student population of 700,000, are eligible for vouchers. There are only about 5,000 slots open in private schools for the coming year, but state officials expect that to ramp up quickly.
Officials have not estimated the price tag of these programs but expect the state will save money in the long run, because they believe the private sector can educate kids more cheaply than public schools. …
By law, the value of each voucher can’t exceed the sum the state would spend educating that child in public school — on average, $8,800 a year. Small private schools often charge as little as $3,000 to $5,000 a year.
Yet at some private schools with low tuition, administrators contacted by Reuters said they would also ask the state to cover additional, unspecified fees, which would bring the cost to taxpayers close to the $8,800 cap. The law requires the state to cover both tuition and fees.
In the separate mini-voucher program due to launch in 2013, students across Louisiana, regardless of income, will be able to tap the state treasury to pay for classes that are offered by private vendors and not available in their regular public schools.
White said the state hopes to spur private industry to offer vocational programs and apprenticeships in exchange for vouchers worth up to $1,300 per student per class. Students can also use the mini-vouchers to design their own curriculum, tapping state funds to pay for online classes or private tutors if they’re not satisfied with their public school’s offerings.
State officials will review every private-sector class before approving it. They are still working out how to assess rigor and effectiveness.
The state has not done a formal fiscal analysis, but public school advocates say subtracting the costs of vouchers from their budgets is unfair because they have the same fixed costs — from utilities to custodial services — whether a child is in the building four hours a day or six. White responds that the state is not in the business of funding buildings; it’s funding education.
While public schools fear fiscal disaster, many private school administrators see the voucher program as an economic lifeboat.
Valeria Thompson runs the Louisiana New School Academy in Baton Rouge, which prides itself on getting troubled students through middle and high school. Families have struggled to pay tuition, she said, and enrollment is down to about 60 kids. “We’re a good school,” Thompson said, “but we’ve been struggling fiscally.”
The vouchers have brought in a flood of new applicants and the promise of steady income from taxpayers. Thompson enrolled 17 new students in two days last month and hopes to bring in as many as 130. “I’m so grateful,” she said. “You can’t imagine how grateful.”
(Additional reporting contributed by Kathy Finn in New Orleans; Editing by Lee Aitken and Prudence Crowther)
Copyright ©2012 Reuters. All rights reserved. Reprinted here for educational purposes only. Visit news.yahoo.com/louisianas-bold-bid-privatize-schools-220651571.html for the original post.
NOTE: A school voucher is a certificate issued by the government, which parents can [use to pay part of the] tuition at a private school, rather than at the state school to which their child is assigned. [Without a voucher system], people who currently pay for private schooling are still taxed for public schools; therefore, they fund both public and private schools simultaneously. …Vouchers and tax credits are intended to allow students and families to choose the school that best fits their needs. Opponents of school vouchers say allowing families the option of both public and private schools undermines the public education system through threatening its funding and enrollment. (from wikipedia)
1. How will Louisiana’s new school voucher law work? (see para. 2-3, 7, 20-22, 24, 26-28)
2. Why has Louisiana Governor Bobby Jindal worked to pass this new voucher law?
3. How did the U.S. Supreme Court rule on a 2002 challenge to school vouchers used for religious schools?
4. How is the Louisiana state teachers’ union (and other voucher opponents) reacting to the new voucher law allowing parents to send their kids to the school of their choice? (see para. 11-12, 29)
5. How does Louisiana Superintendent of Education John White respond to concerns over private schools where students don’t score well on tests? (see. para. 16-17)
6. What has been the outcome of a pilot voucher program that the state has run in New Orleans for the past several years?
7. The reporter states in paragraph 7 & 21: “Louisiana’s plan is by far the broadest. This month, eligible families, including those with incomes nearing $60,000 a year, are submitting applications for vouchers to state-approved private schools.” “Households qualify with annual income up to 250 percent of the poverty line, or $57,625 for a family of four.”
All residents pay taxes that fund public schools. Should all parents be given vouchers to send their kids to the school of their choice, or only those who are considered low-income? Explain your answer.
8. Read the opposing views below from wikipedia. With which do you agree? Explain your answer.
- Proponents (supporters) of school vouchers assert that school voucher and education tax credit systems promote free market competition among both private and public schools. By allowing parents and students to “vote with their feet,” they incentivize schools to increase accountability and school performance. Proponents argue that the competition spurred by vouchers and education tax credits increases the quality and efficiencies of both eligible private schools and local public schools, as they both must perpetually improve in order to maintain enrollment caused by the competitive nature of dollar voting and the swift accountability that results from increasing consumer sovereignty – allowing individuals to control what product or service they prefer to buy as opposed to a bureaucracy.
- Opponents including public school teachers and teacher unions have fought against school vouchers. In the United States, public school teacher unions, most notably the National Education Association (the largest labor union in the USA), argue against the idea of school vouchers for concern that it would erode educational standards and reduce funding, and that giving money to parents who choose to send their child to a religious or other school is unconstitutional; however, the latter issue has been struck down by the Supreme Court case Zelman v. Simmons-Harris, which upheld Ohio’s voucher plan in a 5-4 ruling.
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Visit the Friedman Foundation for School Choice website at: edchoice.org (click on the tab “School Choice” on the top left corner of the page)
Read “10 Principles of School Choice” at: heartland.org/policy-documents/ten-principles-school-choice?artId=16856
[Note: This is a PDF document - click on the link to read in full]
Visit the Louisiana Department of Education website at: louisianaschools.net/topics/act2_choice_law.html